Document Source: This document is transcribed from the copies in the collection of the US Military History Institute, Carlisle Barrack, Pennsylvania, #D739 F6713 #B-592 & #D739 F6713 #B-838. These two separate documents are really Part I and Part II of the Generalmajor (Maj Gen) Otto Ernst Remer’s account of the Fuehrerbegleitbrigade (Fuehrer Escort Brigade) during the Ardennes Offensive. They are manuscripts B-592 and B-838 of the Foreign Military Studies series that was compiled after World War II. The transcription was made and edited by Wesley Johnston, son of Walter Johnston of the AT Platoon, B Co, 38th Armored Infantry Battalion, 7th Armored Division. Translated from German to English by Charles E. Weber. (MS # B-592/Remer, Otto Ernst, Gen Maj, Allendorf, Germany – May 11 1947)

Gen Otto Ernst Remer (Aug 18, 1912 – Oct 4, 1997) was a German Wehrmacht officer in World War II who played a major role in stopping the July 20 plot in 1944 against Adolf Hitler. In his later years he became a politician and far right activist. He co-founded the Socialist Reich Party in West Germany in the 1950s and is considered an influential figure in the post-war neo-fascist politics in GermanyDuring the first part of September 1944, I received the order, from the Führer’s Headquarter in Rastenburg, to take over one Fusilier Regiment from the Großdeutschland Division. Following the same order, I had to organize a combat force, later known as the Fuehrerbegleitbrigade, a Brigade which was to take over the defense of headquarters which could be located as far as 100 KM behind the front. At this time, it was supposed that an Allied air landing unit of 2 to 3 Airborne Divisions was planned to be dropped on the German General Headquarters. This Fuehrerbegleitbrigade, existing at that time, was too weak for such a task. Besides, my force, which was to be organized, was to be used as a mobile operational reserve within the so-called Fortress of Loetzen (East Prussia) for engagements outside the limits of the fortress.
To accomplish this mission, I enlarged and formed my force – taking into consideration the units already available there and as follows: Brigade Staff; Fuehrer Signal Battalion (internal operations headquarters); Fuehrer Air Signal Battalion (aircraft warning service); Fuehrer Antiaircraft Regiment Hermann Goering, with 14 batteries (for active air defense and ground artillery fighting); Fuehrer Escort Regiment with three battalions made of: 1 Armored Personnel Carrier Bn (5 companies with armored personnel carriers); 1 Mobile Bn (4 light and 1 heavy company loaded on amphibian Volkswagens and Steyr command cars); 1 Heavy Bn with 1 Tank Company; 1 Assault Gun Company; 1 Antiaircraft Company, 1 Combat Engineer Company, 1 Armored Recon Company; 1 Medical company; the 828 Battalion (on special assignment); the the 829 Battalion, (on special assignment). Note: Both battalions, the 828 and the 829 consisted of rather old men (Landeschuetzen) and had originally been intended for guarding headquarters premises which had not yet been used.

This unusual array was the result of the special task on which this combined-arms unit was based. The various units were equipped with the most modern arms and ammunition and brought up to strength with experienced front-lines soldiers. When Hitler moved his headquarters to Berlin during the second half of November 1944, my mission was completed. I then stayed several more days with my Brigade in the area of Rastenburg. At the end of November, 1944, my brigade was transported by train for commitment on the western front on orders from Hitler. For this purpose, the brigade had to be reorganized in great haste, with the extraction of units it further needed in the headquarters and the addition of new units. At the beginning of December, the following elements of the Brigade arrived in the area of Daun (Eifel): Brigade Staff; Fuehrer Antiaircraft Regiment (8 Batteries); Fuehrer Escort Regiment; 828 Battalion on special assignment; Medical company; and the Fuehrer Signal Battalion. Moreover, the following units were added: Staff of the Panzer Regiment; Panzer Battalion from the Großdeutschland Panzer Regiment; Assault Gun Battalion (I believe the 120 Battalion, which had previously fought in France and had been reorganized); Light Artillery Battalion from the 120 Regiment with two light batteries (five guns each) and one heavy battery; 1 OT (Organization Todt) column and one army column. Both of these units only ready for commitment up to 1/5 strength. 1 horse-drawn bakery and butchery company and 1 army post office and one workshop company.

All recently added elements were insufficiently equipped, in respect to personnel and material, except for weapons and tanks. This was especially true in respect to equipment with vehicles and signal equipment. The staff of the Panzer Regiment did not arrive until two days before the offensive and was so defectively assembled that it could not be used for the time being. The 828 battalion on special assignment did not receive the bicycles designated for it until the day prior to the offensive. The brigade was organized as follows in great haste: Brigade Staff with general staff officer; Signal Company (1/2 telephone, 1/2 radio); Military Police Detachment; Armored Recon Company; Motorcycle Messenger Detachment; Three independent battalions with one armored personnel carrier battalion of five companies one mobile battalion of four companies the 828 Bicycle battalion on special assignment with four companies; Panzer Regiment with one battalion of tanks (four companies of Mark IV tanks) and one battalion of assault guns of four batteries; Artillery Battalion; Antiaircraft Regiment with two battalions, one light (battalion) with three batteries (self-propelled) (one company of 20 millimeter, one barrel guns, one company of 20 millimeter four barrel guns, one company with 37 millimeter guns) and heavy (battalion) with four batteries of six guns (each) of 105 millimeter caliber; Two transportation columns; Medical Company; Bakery Company; Butchery Company; Army Post Office; Workshop Company; Feldersatz Battalion [replacement training] with 1400 men, which had to be organized on orders from Army. It had about 20% strength with respect to personnel and materiel.

The shortcomings of this organization are attributed to the fact that I received no regimental staff for the Panzer-Grenadier-Regiment and for that reason the brigade had to command three independent battalions which had been armed and organized in very different ways. The means of signal communication of the brigade were not sufficient for this increased command load. The military police detachment of about 12 men was too weak for an effectual regulation of traffic, especially in difficult terrain. The relation of the heavy weapons to the infantry was exaggerated. An engineer unit was completely lacking. However, the capacity of the columns, which was enhanced by taking usable vehicles from (the rest of) the force, was by no means sufficient for well-functioning supply service. The fact that the small amount of artillery available had no vehicles capable of cross-country travel was also a shortcoming. The few days left before the offensive were intensively used to organize and reorganize the brigade.

Flag Führer Escort Brigade (Führerbegleitbrigade) Standard for the Führer Escort Battalion (reverse)In addition, the force was trained every day at company level (and) officers of all ranks were prepared for their coming tasks by discussions about the terrain and map exercises. Naturally, the time at our disposal for these purposes was quite limited, especially inasmuch as a part of the added units did not arrive until the day prior to the offensive. Instead, the Feldersatz battalion was excellently supplied with guns and equipment in order to guarantee a good, continuous training. The Brigade subordinated to the LXVI Corps. The Führerbegleitbrigade was assembled in the area around Daun, Germany, on Dec 17, 1944. Since the beginning of the offensive, I was at the forward command post of the 5.Panzer-Armee in Dachscheid, northeast of Wachsweiler.

December 18 1944 At about 1600, Dec 18, I received the order to take the brigade to the front from the area of Daun by way of Gerolstein, Buedesheim, Pruem, Schneeifelforsthaus, Roth and Auw in the direction of St Vith. Our mission was to thrust forward in a generally westerly direction by way of St Vith within the framework of the 66.Corps, and subordinated to this corps. The brigade was set on the march by telephone, with the organization ordered. Organization of the brigade was as follow: (1) Advanced attachment: One Armored Recon Battalion, One Light Company on Volkswagens; One Assault Gun Company; Balance of the II Battalion; One Medium Infantry Gun Company; One Antiaircraft Company. (2) Brigade Staff with Recon Company Armored Regiment; II Battalion (Armored Personnel Carriers); One Artillery Battery; One Antiaircraft Regiment and 4/III Battalion (828, on special assignment) on bicycles.

While the Brigade set out under the command of the Ia, I traveled the command post of the LXVI Corps, which I encountered in Weinstein (5 km northeast of Pruem). I found out about the situation there and was to set out with the Brigade by way of Roth, Auw, Wischeid, Andler, Schoenberg, and Heuem the direction of St Vith.

German Troops - Battle of the Bulge - IllustrationFor the time being, I was not ordered to attack St Vith, but I was given to understand that the intention existed, now as before, to thrust through further to the west with the Brigade toward the Meuse River after the fall of St Vith. At any rate, the brigade was not to tie itself up with a battle for St Vith. As for myself, I drove ahead on the designated road and did not reach the command post of the 18.Volksgrenadier-Division in the Walleroder Muehle until about morning. The road of the advance ordered was completely jammed and in bad condition. Traveling off the road was impossible, even for track-laying vehicles. I therefore reckoned with considerable delay of the march movement and reported this to the Corps.

December 19 1944 At the command post of the 18.Volksgrenadier-Division, I learned that resistance east of St Vith had become considerably stronger. Besides, I saw that this division was still not very extensively spread out along the front. During the afternoon, I commenced road recon for the purpose of finding out if there were possibilities of circumventing St Vith. Because I got unfavorable results from this recon, I resolved to support the attack of the 18.Volksgrenadier-Division, set for about noon, with my advance detachment by a thrust on both sides of the road. The advance detachment began to arrive in the Walleroder Muehle at about 1200. The attack of the 18.VGD, which was commenced with only weak artillery, did not lead to any success. The armored point of my advance detachment, which had, during this, advanced approximately to the bend in the road north of Pruemerberg, received rather strong AT fire. The Company attacking through the woods south of the road was repelled with heavy losses by very well-placed enemy artillery fire. My impression was that the enemy had already made himself so strong east of St Vith that this place could not be taken from the east by an attack emanating from the march movement without a sufficient assembly of heavy weapons. Moreover there was the fact that only the terrain north of the road appeared to be suited for tank attack, but with an unfavorable assembly area west of the Auf der Hoehe Forest, especially inasmuch as the road could be reached only under enemy observation from the bottleneck of the road. Besides the street was so badly jammed that an advance of the armored group would have been extremely difficult.

During the time following, I repeatedly received contradicting orders from the Heeresgruppe, the 5.Army, and the LXVI Corps, which partly spoke of an attack against or a capture of St Vith, partly of a circumvention of the city and a further thrust to the west. I decided to circumvent St Vith to the north, although the road from Walleroder Muehle to Meyerode had been reported to me as being passable only under certain conditions. It was still the most favorable. At the outset of darkness, the advance detachment set out to Medell by way of Meyerode. The assault gun company, along with a grenadier company on foot, which were with the advance detachment, were sent out from Walleroder Muehle to Wallerode.

German Troops - Battle of the Bulge - IllustrationThe armored group had begun to reach Azerath at this time, but was very badly wedged in with vehicles of other divisions over to east of Auw. Inasmuch as this road was also used by elements of the 6.Panzer-Armee and was furthermore molested by elements of the American units encircled in the Schnee Eifel (422-423/106-ID) that were breaking out, a traffic jam had come into being that could hardly be disentangled and which the little force of military police belonging to the brigade was not in a position to disentangle. The attack of the elements of the brigade ordered to Wallerode, all together one assault gun company and two grenadier companies, launched at midnight by way of the fork in the road west of Wallerode then, by way of Kninelsberg towards St Vith had no success. Therefore, I ordered a continued march by way of Medell and Born in the direction of Nieder-Emmels.

December 20 1944 The attack launched during the dawn of Dec 20, by the armored personnel carrier battalion together with an assault gun company, which had arrived in the meantime, lead, after a hasty assembly in the woods north of Nieder-Emmels, to the capture of Nieder-Emmels and Ober-Emmels and thereby to the effect of blocking of the road from Ligneuville (Engelsdorf) to St Vith. A further thrust in the southern direction aimed at taking Sart-lez-Saint-Vith bogged down in well-placed enemy artillery fire to the three battalions and anti-tank fire. I decided to wait for the deployment of the brigade. All attempts to accelerate this deployment were frustrated by the extremely difficult road conditions in the woods south of Neurode, where, in part, one vehicle after another had to be towed through one at the time. In addition there was the fact that the lack of motor fuel resulted from the road difficulties and traffic jams in the case of the armored group. An amount was already consumed that was threefold as great as that which was estimated for normal conditions. During the entire day, Nieder-Emmels was under heavy artillery fire.

December 21 1944 I was ordered by LXVI Corps to attack along the road to St Vith from the Nieder-Emmels area on Dec 21. I had to decline to make this attack as long as the high terrain south of Nieder-Emmels was not in our possession. Otherwise I would have to lead an attack with enemy flanking interference. I therefore decided in favor of an attack in a southerly direction for the purpose of taking Sart-lez-Saint-Vith in order to block office last important supply route and in order to have a solid street under our feet again for a further thrust because up to this time the rode and terrain conditions had been my worst foe. The assembly of the II Battalion, which had been brought forward into the hollow just west of Nieder-Emmels during darkness, was harassed for such a long time shortly before daylight by suddenly launched, well placed enemy artillery fire that this battalion was not in the position to move up and thereby take advantage of the dawn. Because my heavy weapons, the bulk of the tanks and artillery battalion had still not been brought up because of the catastrophic road conditions and because the brigade, moreover, had no support whatsoever, by Corps. I called off the attack in view of the superiority of the enemy artillery.

German Troops - Battle of the Bulge - IllustrationI reckoned that the brigade could be deployed by about evening. In order not to let the day slip away unused, I put the II Battalion to blocking the main road from St Vith to Vielsalm by taking the advantage of the forests west of Sart-lez-Saint-Vith. Moreover, this battalion was to send other strong reconnaissance forward to the southwest in the general direction of Salmchâteau and to report the information found out about the forest roads leading in this direction. As for myself, I prepared the attack of the brigade against Sart-lez-Saint-Vith from the north and northwest for the night of Dec 21/22. My plan was the following: the armored group was to attack Ober-Emmels using both sides of the road hence to Sart-lez-Saint-Vith; whilst the III Battalion was to penetrate into this locality from the area including Tommberg from the northwest, and if possible, to take the artillery positions presumed to be northwest of the locality by surprise. The attack was to be conducted by surprise and without any artillery preparation, however the artillery was to be ready to fire on demand.

Distribution of a sufficient number of forward observers to both combat teams. The II Battalion, which had been assigned to block the road, was provided as a possible reserve. Shortly before darkness, we were able to bring the artillery battalion into position, after the guns had been towed with vehicles having cross-country mobility. The III Battalion likewise arrived with its bicycles (pulling them along; they are completely covered with mud). The bicycles remained in Born and, moreover, were not used thereafter during the entire offensive.

US 7th Armored DivisionGerman Troops - Battle of the Bulge - IllustrationThe II Battalion had reported the blocking of the road from St Vith to Vielsalm during the afternoon in a very boldly conducted undertaking, moreover a further advance in a southerly and southwesterly direction, and an engagement with enemy artillery positions and isolated tanks in the area north of Commanster and Hinderhausen. The result of the road reconnaissance did not sound favorable. Furthermore, one captured unit commanders from the 7th Armored Division were reported who had apparently come from a discussion.

December 22 1944 The armored group (II Battalion, 2 Armored Companies and 2 Assault Gun Companies) was assembled at 2400 in the area of Nieder-Emmels in the In der Eid Forest. The III Battalion reported completed assembly in the vicinity of Tommberg at about 0100. I led the armored group myself. I set out a powerful reconnaissance along the road from Ober-Emmels to Sart-lez-Saint-Vith at once, which reported the northern edge of the patch of woods south of Ober-Emmels was rather heavily occupied and that enemy armored cars had been sighted. It was further reported that the terrain off of the road was not passable at night and that several tanks had already stuck fast. I therefore led the armored group through the bare places in the woods in the direction of Tommberg. Up until daylight, I moved it forward to the southern edge of the forest north of Sart-lez-Saint-Vith with a tedious effort. This was a very difficult undertaking because tanks were sticking fast at every moment in the softened terrain and because the woods were very thick in parts.

German Troops - Battle of the Bulge - IllustrationAt times, one tank after another had to be guided in by scouts on foot. As a result of the continuous noise of the motors, the element of surprise was lost. During the night, the artillery battalion shelled the enemy artillery positions spotted west of Sart-lez-Saint-Vith with artillery fire observed by forward observers of the III Battalion. By taking advantage of the darkness and the snow storm, the III Battalion worked its way even closer to the locality. The moving forward of the armored group during the dawn was delayed by the fact that the four tanks ran onto mines along the edge of the woods which first had to be cleared. In the meantime, the III Battalion broke into the locality and fought ahead from house to house. The locality was stubbornly defended by enemy tanks. Individual combat teams were then stopped by enemy tanks and were temporarily taken into captivity, even the battalion commander. It was not until the attack lunging from the edge of the woods on a broad front was made that the locality was taken and the situation restored. The III Battalion had considerable losses, especially inasmuch as enemy tanks concentrated fire at close range on the many wounded men who were in several cellars.
At about noon, Sart-lez-Saint-Vith was fully cleared and in our firm possession. In total, about 20 American tanks were put out of action or captured, a number was abandoned and was still completely intact and about 50 prisoners were taken. During the day, and during the following night, the locality itself was under constant enemy artillery fire. In the direction of St Vith, contact was made with the 18.VGD and the 62.VGD. During the afternoon, the units were put in order and the many tanks that had struck fast were pulled out. During the night, the II Battalion, which was able to block the road leading to Vielsalm only temporarily, was brought up and the change of position of the artillery was carried out.

German Troops - Battle of the Bulge - IllustrationThe abandoned vehicles of the brigade had to be drawn along the way of St Vith during the night because the roads leading from Born and to Sart-lez-Saint-Vith were still not passable.

December 23 1944 At about 0800 in the morning, the brigade set out with the armored group by way of Birkeler toward Hinterhausen. In this locality several enemy tanks were spotted, apparently rear guards. Hinderhausen was taken with the loss of two of our tanks. Four enemy tanks were shot out of action.
The further advance on a broad front on both sides of the Kapellenbusch towards Kapelle led to the capture of more tanks which had got stuck in the marshy area east of Kapelle. During the advance still more tanks which had got stock fell into our hands.
In order to take advantage of the success and in order to prevent the enemy from effecting a lodgment, the mobile II Battalion was brought up and it took over the advance guard point after having been given an assault gun company.
It immediately went on to Rogery trough Commanster, whilst the armored group assembled and organized itself behind the artillery battalion, which was following the II Battalion. Beho was free of enemy forces. Road conditions on the Commanster – Rogery road were understandably bad. Despite that fact, the direct road was ordered because the bridge 1000 M northeast of Beho was destroyed.

East of Rogery, enemy entrenchments were reported. For this reason, the artillery battalion was ordered into a position west of Commanster for the purpose of guarding the advance. After some short struggle before darkness, Rogery was taken. One hour later, we took Cierreux. Weak enemy artillery harassing fire was directed against both localities. I ordered the prompt continuation of the march in a westerly direction off of the main road.

Next march objective: the road crossing 3500 M west of Regné. During the entire day, I did not receive any report at all concerning the enemy situation and location of the adjacent units. The advance guard reported enemy column traffic in a northerly direction on the road from the Bovigny to Salmchâteau. I ordered the blocking of the road to the south, south the mill at Cierreux and details to follow just behind the enemy columns in order to gain as much ground as possible without fighting in this manner. However, this following was soon noticed and resulted in the fact that the tank at the end opened fire.

I myself witnessed how the two advance assault guns, one after another, put five enemy tanks and two coupled guns out of action one after another by driving 50 M ahead each time and shooting off a ground signal in such a manner that the enemy tank was completely lighted up each time and could be destroyed with the first shot, in the majority of cases. Because the enemy column was apparently stopped by the demolition of a bridge, about 12 tanks and 20 vehicles could be captured in addition. The crew scattered into the terrain during the darkness.

Members of the 702nd Tank Battalion inspect a burned out PzKfpw V, an abandoned Sturmgeschütv IV, knocked out Stug and SdKfz 251 of the Führerbegleitbrigade at Heiderscheid December 26 1944December 24 1944 The advance continued by way of Provedroux, Ottré, Langlire, Petite-Langlire and Bihain. At the break of the day the brigade was located about in the area mentioned above. The reaching of this high terrain was difficult for the tanks and vehicles as a result of the icy roads because the winter equipment requested had not arrived yet. I was very much astonished to meet up already with SS units in this area. A further movement during the day was not possible because of enemy air activities, which were increasing because of weather conditions. (Subordinated to Dietrich 6.Panzer-Armee) The brigade was temporarily subordinated to the 6.Panzer-Armee. A thrust in a northerly direction by way of Lierneux was intended. I wanted to lead this attack astride the road from Regné to Lierneux (by-passing the latter locality to the right) and to reach the road in the direction of Habiémont by way of Lansival. To this end, I secured Regné for myself with a weak armored group. Reconnaissance in force thrust ahead toward Fraiture.

December 25 1944 (Subordinated to the LVIII Corps) Shortly before the beginning of this thrust, I received the order from Heeresgruppe to reach Amonines by way of Samrée and Dochamps at the onset of darkness in order to put the brigade at the disposal of the LVIII Panzer Corps. This order was changed at the time of the departure and an advance of the brigade in the direction of Hampteau by way of Samrée and La-Roche-en-Ardenne was ordered.

Signal Corps Photos (1st time I use it) This young German soldier was cut in two pieces at the belt level by either an AP mine or a Browning .50, Langlire, Jan 14 1945 The Ia of the brigade, traveling ahead toward Warizy to the LVIII Corps, was guided in there. The Führerbegleitbrigade was supposed to take Hotton and the bridge over the Outhe River on Dec 26, and to attack further in the direction of Monville, Fronville and Noiseux. To this end, the various units of the brigade received individual orders for the march into the assembly area and specifically approximately in the order of the attack planned for the following day. It was important in this connection to clear the road as soon as possible in order that units coming up could travel into their respective assembly areas, if at all possible, in order to save time. Above all, it was important to get the III Battalion, which had been divided up onto all kinds of vehicles and which had already left its bicycles behind in Born, up forward during the night.

The plan of attack was following: The II Battalion was to attack to the right along road from Rendeux-Bas to Hamoûle hence Hampteau with the support of an assault gun company and to take the locality. The III Battalion was to thrust to the left through the Hampteau Forest (Bois de Hampteau) and to take possession of the heights west of Hampteau (Sol Hé). The armored group, at the disposal of the brigade in Rendeux-Bas, was, after the success of the initial phase of the attack, to thrust through, by way of Hampteau, either along the road or further on to Hotton between Hampteau and Menil, according to the situation and terrain, in order to take possession of Hotton and the crossing site. The artillery battalion was to go into position in such a manner that it could support the various phases of battle by means of observed fire in very close coordination with the individual combat teams. The bulk of the antiaircraft regiment was employed for air defense because there was no possibility of artillery effect for the heavy antiaircraft battalion on account of its flat trajectory. During the progress of the attack, elements of the antiaircraft regiment were to eliminate enemy flanking pressure from the northern bank of the Ourthe River, especially in the area of Werpin, and to keep themselves in readiness after the capture of Hotton in order to be used to block the road of approach.

December 26 1944 The first elements of the brigade arrived in the assembly area about midnight. About 0930 ending of the assembly and beginning of the attack. Despite the extremely difficult terrain, the attack was successful. Whilst the battalion on the right took the Hampteau Forest (Bois de Hampteau), the battalion to the left thrusted through. I had already given the order to move ahead to the armored group when the Corps gave me the order to suspend the attack at once and to disengage the brigade for the purpose of another assignment. My protest to the effect that this would be possible during the day only at the price of heavy losses at this stage of the battle was rejected twice. The cessation of the attack and the disengagement from the enemy was ordered. This engagement cost quite a few losses because the enemy went over to the attack at once. Weak elements of the 116.Panzergrenadier-Division took over the protection of the line of departure. At the onset of darkness, the first elements of the Brigade were on the march to Halleux, Gênes, Ronchamp and Ronchampay to the intersection of the roads west of the Champlon and Ortheuville. Fuel was so scarce that almost half of the vehicles had to be towed.

West of Bastogne, the German Führerbegleitbrigade repelled an attack from the US 87th Infantry Division, supported by the 761st Tank BattalionDecember 27 1944 Considering the enemy air activities, the brigade was supposed to take shelter for the day in the Herbaimont Forest (Bois de Herbaimont). The medical company, traveling during the day, was shot up in flames to the extent of 40% by a fighter-bomber attack lasting 35 minutes, although all vehicles are painted white and bore the Red Cross. A number of wounded men were thereby killed. During the course of the night, the brigade was to take over the sector of the 26.Volksgrenadier-Division, which was located approximately along the line Morhet, Péry, Jodenville, Fontaine-de-Burton, Sibret. It was the intention of higher headquarters to use the brigade for the purpose of closing the broken ring of encirclement around Bastogne by means of attack in a southerly direction in order to close this gap again. I personally found out that the 26 Volksgrenadier-Division was very weak and was without armor-piercing weapons. It would therefore have to be taken into account that it would be pressed back even further to the north during the day. Terrain reconnaissance showed, moreover that the sector from Pinsamont to Hoûmont and the high ground south of Chenogne would have to be held under all circumstances if the conditions for attack to the south were to remain favorable. I therefore decided to commit a 105-MM antiaircraft battery and a light antiaircraft battery at once in the area of Chenogne in such a manner that they could command the high terrain west and south of this locality in order to prevent an enemy tank penetration. I likewise ordered the armored personnel carrier battalion with several assault guns, which was traveling in great distances between units, because of the danger from the air to proceed into the Valet Forest (Bois de Valet).

Illustration - Saving the BottlesThe bulk of the antiaircraft regiment was committed for an air defense around Tronle and west of Flamierge. This measure proved good because during the course of the afternoon ten cargo carrying gliders, committed for the purpose of bringing supplies to Bastogne, could be shot down. Sibret was lost during the course of the day, as was expected. Chenogne was likewise temporarily lost but it was taken right back again in a counter thrust by elements of the brigade located in the Bois de Valet. During the morning the artillery battalion took up firing positions in the area of Flamierge while the Brigade command post was moved to Tronle.

December 28 1944 During the night, the brigade was assembled, according to orders, in the area of Chenogne for the attack against Sibret and, together with the II Battalion, took over the guarding of the sector from the southern edge of the forest north of Magerotte – Magery – Lavaselle to the sector south and southeast of Brul. According to the expectations, the attack launched during the morning did not get very far beyond the patch of woods 1000 M south of Chenogne because the brigade was the only attacking unit, against which the entire enemy artillery and antiaircraft fire of the enemy forces located in and south of Sibret was concentrated. The flanking fire from Villeroux had especially unpleasant effect.

A little later, the enemy forces located in the area of Sibret went over to the attack. Hard fighting went on during the entire day, during which the patch of woods south of Chenogne changed hands a number of times. During this fighting a 105-MM antiaircraft gun distinguished itself especially. During the entire day, this gun and its crew put enemy tanks out of action, which were under heavy fire, and very close range along the southern edge of this patch of woods. The crew of the gun defended the gun in close infantry combat. It was not until Dec 30 that this gun was rammed by an enemy tank while fighting. At the evening the brigade reported that it was too weak to be able to carry out the attack order against Sibret alone and that a concentrated artillery support it on our part would be, at least, necessary to eliminate the enemy artillery. I was also especially bothered by the Haies de Magery Forest (Bois de Haies de Magery), which had only been blocked hastily by an engineer company of the 26.Volksgrenadier-Division under my command with roadblocks and a few mines. I knew that only weak forces of the adjacent unit on my right, the 3. Panzer Grenadier Division, had arrived.

December 29 1944 Dec 29 was characterized by repeated enemy attacks on Chenogne from a southerly and southwesterly direction which were carried forward with a strong artillery support. Penetrations which often got as far as the locality were mopped up by counter thrust. At evening, the situation was about the same as that of the previous day. During the night, very bravely and skilfully carried out reconnaissance as far as into the patches of forest south and southwest of Sibret reportedIllustration the assembly of tanks and vehicles. The brigade calculated that Dec 30 would bring rather strong enemy attacks supported by tanks. Nevertheless, a renewed attack by the 3. Panzer Grenadier Division and the brigade in a southerly direction was ordered for Dec 30. Specifically, the 3. Panzer Grenadier Division was supposed to take Villeroux and to thrust onto Assenois in order to effect a closing of the ring of encirclement around Bastogne with the 1.SS-Panzer-Division. The Fuehrerbegleitbrigade, subordinated to the 3.Panzer-Grenadier-Division, was to take Sibret and then to block off the road south of Sibret leading onto Bastogne from the west.

For the brigade, this attack had the disadvantage that, firstly, it meant a repetition of the attack attempted on Dec 28 and would therefore have to meet up against a strengthened defense and, secondly, that no notable artillery support of any kind could be promised to me besides that of my own battalion. In addition, the III Battalion, which was still located in the old line of security, was not at my disposal for this attack. Only an elimination of the flanking pressure from Villeroux was to be counted on.
Attack plan was as follows: After the assembly had been completed during the night in the area of Chenogne, the II Battalion, together with an assault gun company, was to attack and take Sibret from the northwest, west of the woods south of Chenogne (circumventing this woods because of enemy artillery fire) with the right wing pressed along against the Brul sector and thereby open the crossings on the northern edge of Sibret for the armored group thrusting afterwards.

IllustrationThe armored group (armored battalion and mounted armored personnel carrier battalion) was to divide itself near Flohamont and if necessary to support the attack of the II Battalion on both sides of Brul and then, however, to thrust through Sibret in order to block the road leading from Bastogne to the southwest in the region of Belle-Eau to the west and likewise the road leading to Clochîmont. The gap arising between Mande-Sainte-Marie and Sibret during the course of the attack was to be stopped up by an assault gun battery and a light antiaircraft battery.

The artillery battalion, which had previously been committed in the area of Flamierge, changed its position into the hollow south east of Rechrival and was to support the attack with its foreign observers accompanying both combat teams by observed fire on Sibret. No artillery preparation, but rather fire after the beginning of the attack on request. The battalion had already adjusted its fire on Sibret. The heavy antiaircraft battalion was likewise to support the attack on Sibret with air bursts and to combat targets which present themselves on the right flank. In addition, the heavy antiaircraft battalion actually had the assignment of putting tanks out of action which had broken through in a sort of antitank position.
The III Battalion was to go on defending itself in the same sector as previously. A light antiaircraft antitank battery was subordinated. An assault gun battery was kept back from the brigade in order to be committed with the III Battalion in case of an enemy tank attack. The heavy infantry gun battery likewise had observation posts with the III Battalion.

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