Crest 11-ADThe 11th Armored Division (Thunderbolt) was activated on August 15, 1942, at Camp Polk, Louisiana and moved on June 24, 1943, for the 3-A #3 Louisiana Maneuvers. Transferred then to Camp Barkeley, Texas, on September 5, 1943, the 11-AD participated on October 29, 1943, in the Desert Training Center #4 California Maneuvers and headed to Camp Cooke, California, on February 11, 1944. It staged then at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, from September 16, 1944, until departed the POE New York (Port of Embarkation) on September 29, 1944, and arrived in England on October 11, 1944. The Division landed in France on December 17, 1944, crossed into Belgium on December 29, 1944, and entered Germany on March 5, 1945.

Casualties
Killed in action: 614
Wounded in action: 2562
Missing in action: 40
Captured 40
Battle Casualties: 3216
Non-Battle Casualties: 1921
Total Casualties: 5137

Campaigns
Rhineland
Ardennes-Alsace
Central Europe

Commanding Generals
Maj Gen Edward H. Brooks: August 1942 – March 1944
Maj Gen Charles S. Kilburn: March 1944 – March 1945
Maj Gen Holmes E. Dager: March 1945 – Deactivation

Artillery Commander
Col John G. Howard, Oct 5 1944 – VE Day

Chief of Staff
Col J. J. B. Williams, Oct 5 1944 – Mar 17 1945
Col Edgar T. Conley, Jr., Mar 17 1945 – VE Day

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1
Col Ralph J. Olson, Oct 5 1944 – VE Day

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2
Col William R. Prince, Oct 5 1944 – Jan 7 1945
Col William M. Slayden, Jan 7 1945 – VE Day

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3
Col Paul A. chalmers, Oct 5 1944 – Dec 7 1944
Col George S. Downer, Jr., Dec 7 1944 – VE Day

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4
Maj Johnnie B. Poole, Oct 5 1944 – Nov 16 1944
Col Johnnie B. Poole, Nov 16 1944 – VE Day

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5
Maj Howard W. Decker, Dec 19 1944 – Feb 16 1945
Col Howard W. Decker, Feb 16 1945 – VE Day

Adjutant General
Col Lillar P. Miller – Oct 5 1944 – VE Day

CO – Combat Command A
Gen Willard A. Holbrook, Jr., Oct 5 1944 – VE Day

CO – Combat Command B
Col Wesley W. Yale, Oct 5 1944 – VE Day

CO – Reserve Command
Col Virgil Bell, Oct 5 1944 – VE Day

Awards
Distinguished Service Cross 1
Legion of Merit 1311th Armored Division Sherman in Wernberg, Germany
Silver Star 275
Soldiers Medal 2
Bronze Star 2
Air Medal 59
Prisoners of War Taken 76.229

Order of Battle – 44/45
Headquarters Company
Company Combat Command A
Company Combat Command B
Company Reserve Command
Military Police Platoon
22nd Tank Battalion
41st Tank Battalion
42nd Tank Battalion
21st Armored Infantry Battalion
55th Armored Infantry Battalion
63rd Armored Infantry Battalion
41st Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mecz)
56th Armored Engineer Battalion
151st Armored Signal Company
Hqs Division Artillery
490th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
491st Armored Field Artillery Battalion
492nd Armored Field Artillery Battalion
Division TrainM4 Sherman Tank with winter camo Hennig Germany Battle of the Bulge January 1945
81st Armored Medical Battalion
133rd Armored Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
511th CIC Detachment
Military Police Platoon
Band

Attachments
Antiaircraft Artillery
575th AAA AW Bn (SP) – 23 Dec 44 – 24 May 45

Engineer
991st Engr Treadway Br Co (- 1 section) – 4 Mar 45 – 14 Mar 45
996th Engr Treadway Br Co – 28 Mar 45 – 1 Jun 45

Field Artillery
Btry C, 174th FA Bn (155-MM Gun) – 15 Feb 45 – 4 Mar 45

Infantry
355-IR CT (89-ID) – 16 Mar 45 – 21 Mar 45
914-FAB (89-ID) (105-MM How) – 16 Mar 45 – 21 Mar 45
Charlie Co, 314-ECB (89-ID) – 16 Mar 45 – 21 Mar 45
261-IR (65-ID) – 28 Mar 45 – 29 Mar 45
328-IR (26-ID) – 3 May 45 – 6 May 45

Tank Destroyer
602-TDB (SP) – 29 Dec 44 – 27 Jan 45M36 Tank Destroyer Recaptures M4A3(76) from Germans in Aschaffenburg 1945
811-TDB (SP) – 27 Jan 45 – 4 Feb 45
602-TDB (SP) – 4 Feb 45 – 24 Feb 45
705-TDB (SP) – 24 Feb 45 – 5 Jul 45

Detachments
Armored
2 plats, Able Co, 22-TB to (87-ID) – 9 Jan 45 – X
CCA to (87-ID) – 24 Feb 45 – 4 Mar 45
42-TB to (87-ID) – 24 Feb 45 – 4 Mar 45
63-AIB to (87-ID) – 24 Feb 45 – 4 Mar 45
490-AFAB to (87-ID) – 24 Feb 45 – 4 Mar 45
41-Cav Rcn Sq (- Tr B) to (87-ID) – 24 Feb 45 – 4 Mar 45
Able Co, 56-AECB to (87-ID) – 24 Feb 45 – 4 Mar 45

Cavalry
41-Cav Rcn Sq to (6-AD) – 12 Feb 45 – 21 Feb 45

Narrative

The 11-AD lander in Normandy, France on Dec 17, 1944, and was immediately moved to defend the Givet–Sedan sector on Dec 23, as a mobile reserve response to the German Ardennes Counter-Offensive. The 11-AD moved to the vicinity of Neufchâteau, Belgium, on Dec 29, and attacked toward Houffalize against strong opposition on Dec 30, suffering heavy losses. The next day, CCB attacked Chenogne as CCR assaulted Acul.

M-4 105-MM Sherman Tank Crew Makes RepairsCCA attacked east of Rechrival Jan 1, 1945, and the following day CCB captured Senonchamps. After defending the Bastogne Highway in fierce combat, the 11-AD attacked north on Jan 13, and enveloped Bertogne before being stopped the next day by German defenses. CCA reached Velleroux on January 15 1945 but fell back under counterattack and then stormed it successfully the following day. The division assumed responsibility for the Hardigny – Bourcy line on January 18 1945 and began advancing in the wake of German withdrawals on January 20 1945. CCA crossing the Luxembourg border without opposition on January 22 1945. It then patrolled in the vicinity of Bois de Rouvroy.

The division relieved the 90-ID east of the Our River Feb 4/5 1945. The 11-AD attacked then into the West Wall on Feb 6, 1945, as CCR seized Hill 568, but was unable to make further progress. A surprise assault, omitting artillery preparation, enabled the division to overrun numerous pillboxes on Feb 18, 1945.

By the next day CCR had captured Herzfeld and mopped up the Leidenborn area. Sengerich was cleared against decreasing resistance on Feb 20, Roscheid fell next day, and its final objectives of Eschfeld and Reiff by Feb 22. It then consolidated. CCA moved to Manderfeld and started relief of the 87-ID on Feb 25, and this was completed the following day. The division attacked with CCA on Mar 1, to assist the 87-ID reduce strongly defended pillboxes around Ormont.

M4 76 mm Sherman Tank Sandbagged and CamouflaugedCCB crossed the Pruem River and attacked through the 4-ID on Mar 3, toward the Kyll River against light resistance, which it reached the next clay near Lissigen under fire from the far shore. CCB then crossed at Ober on Mar 6, and established a small bridgehead against strong opposition. CCA attacked through the lines of the 90-ID on Mar 7, at Lissigen and took Kelberg after fierce combat. The division reached the Rhine River on Mar 9, with CCA at Andernach and CCB near Bröhl and then mopped up. The division then went into reserve.

It passed through the Bullay bridgehead of the 89-ID on March 17, and began its second drive to the Rhine at Worms. It advanced rapidly against disorganized resistance and CCB took the airport south of the city and entered Worms on Mar 21. The division assembled near Alzey and relieved the 4-AD of the Oppenheim – Worms sector of the Rhine on Mar 23, and assumed a defensive position.

The division moved to the Main River at Hanau on Mar 28, and attacked the next day through the lines of the 26-ID toward Fulda. It battled past Gelnhausen which fell on Mar 30, and next attacked on Apr 1, near Schlitz. It pushed rapidly to the Werra River near Meiningen and established a bridgehead the next dlay. The division then cleared the Thuringer Wald as CCA took Suhl in one house-to-house fighting Apr 3/4, and CCB captured Oberhof on the latter date. CCR took Meiningen on Apr 5, and the division reassembled and cleared along the Schleusingen-Hildburghausen line Apr 7/8. Supported by artillery and aircraft, the division attacked toward Coburg on Apr 10, and the city surrendered the next day. It renewed its offensive on Apr 12, and established bridgeheads over the Hasslach River at Kronach and Marktzeuln.

M10, M4, Jeep And 2 1/2 Ton Truck 76th Infantry Division Speicher 1945 After confusion with the 14th Armored Division columns on the roads leading to Bayreuth, the city fell Apr 14. The division relieved the 71-ID along the Bayreuth to Gefrees line on Apr 17, and attacked to take Grafenwohr on Apr 19. The division renewed the offensive on Apr 22 and reached the Naab River with CCB at Schwarzenfeld and then drove southeast from Cham along the Alpine Highway to clear Regen on Mar 24. Kreuzberg was captured the following day, and on Apr 29, the division attacked south. CCA took Wegscheiden on the Austrian border after heavy combat on Apr 30, then the 11-AD advanced rapidly to take the Urfahr – Linz complex on May 5. The 11th Armored Division met advancing Soviet forces at Amstetten on May 8 1945.


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