Capture of Trier, Germany, March 2 1945The US 10th Armored Division was activated on Jul 15, 1942, at Fort Benning, Georgia, and moved on Jun 24, 1943, to the Second Army #2 Tennessee Maneuvres. On Sept 5, the 10-AD moved to Camp Gordon, Georgia, then, staged at Camp Shanks, New York, on Sept 1, 1944, until departed the New York POE. The division landed in France on Sept 23, 1944, crossed into Luxembourg on Dec 17, and was sent back to France on Dec 27, 1944. The 10th Armd entered Germany on Feb 22, 1945, and when combat ceased, was sent back to the USA. So, the 10-AD arrived at Hampton Roads POE on Oct 13, 1945, and was deactivated at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia a day later.

Casualties Killed in Action 710, Wounded in Action 3400, Missing in Action 586, Captured 1, Battle Casualties 4697, Non-Battle Casualties 3684, Total Casualties 8381

Campaigns Ardennes, Rhineland, Central Europe

Individual Awards Distinguished Service Cross 19, Legion of Merit 12, Silver Star 217, Soldiers Medal 23, Bronze Star 1400, Air Medal 13, Distinguished Flying Cross 2, Prisoners of War Taken – 43.208Capture of Trier, Germany, March 2 1945

Statistics Activated Jul 15, 1942, Arrived ETO Sept 23, 1944, Arrived Continent (D+109) Sept 23, 1944, Entered Combat 1944, Days in Combat 124

Commanding General
Maj Gen Paul W. Newgarden, Jul 1942 – Jul 1944
Maj Gen William H. Morris Jr, Jul 1944 – May 1945
Maj Gen Fay B. Prickett, May 1945 – Deactivation

Artillery Commander
Col Bernard F. Luebbermann, Sept 22, 1944 – Apr 13, 1945
Col Edward H. Metzger, Apr 13, 1945 – VE Day

Chief of Staff
Col Basil G. Thayer, Sept 22, 1944 – Feb 25, 1945
Lt Col Joseph A. McChristian, Feb 25, 1945 – May 8, 1945
Col Richard Steinbach, May 8, 1945 – (?)

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1
Lt Col John F. Laudig, Sept 22, 1944 – VE Day

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2Sgt Dee Perry of the 10th Armored Division applying winter paint to his M4 Sherman tank in Belgium, 12 Jan 1945
Lt Col William E. Eckles, Sept 22, 1944 – VE Day

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3
Maj John W. Sheffield Sept 22, 1944 – Dec 3, 1944
Lt Col Joseph A. McChristian Dec 3, 1944 – Feb 25, 1945
Lt Col John W. Sheffield Feb 25, 1945 – May 8, 1945
Lt Col Joseph A. McChristian, May 8, 1945 – (?)

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4
Lt Col Clark Webber Sept 22, 1944 – (?)

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5
Maj John M. Gregory Oct 3, 1944 – Jan 10, 1945
Capt Leigh S. Plummer Jan 10, 1945 – (?)

Adjutant General
Lt Col Francis J. Malloh Sept 22, 1944 – VDay

CO – Combat Command AM-7 (10-AD) firing in the vicinity of Heidelberg, Germany, March 30 1945
Brig Gen Kenneth G. Althaus Sept 22, 1944 – Dec 15, 1944
Brig Gen Edwin W. Piburn Dec 15, 1944 – Apr 25, 1945
Col Thomas M. Brinkley Apr 25, 1945 – May 3, 1945
Col Basil G. Thayer May 3, 1945 – VE Day

CO – Combat Command B
Col William L. Roberts Sept 22, 1944 – Nov 5, 1944
Brig Gen Edwin W. Piburn Nov 5, 1944 – Dec 16, 1944
Col William L. Roberts Dec 16, 1944 – Mar 18, 1945
Col Basil G. Thayer Mar 18, 1944
Col Thomas M. Brinkley May 3, 1945 – VE Day

CO Reserve Command
Col Julian E. Raymond Sept 22, 1944 – Nov 6, 1944
Col Wade C. Gatchell Nov 6, 1944 – VE Day

Order of Battle – WW-2
HQs Company
HQs Battery Division Artillery
Combat Command A
Combat Command B
Reserve Command
Military Police Platoon
3rd Tank Battalion
11th Tank Battalion
21st Tank Battalion
20th Armored Infantry Battalion
54th Armored Infantry Battalion
61st Armored Infantry BattalionM8 of the 10th Armored Spearhead reaches Quint Germany 9 March 1945
419th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
420th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
423rd Armored Field Artillery Battalion
10th Armored Division Trains
55th Armored Engineer Combat Battalion
80th Armored Medical Battalion
90th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron Mecz
132nd Ordnance Maintenance Company
150th Signal Company
510th Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment
Band
609th Tank Destroyer Bn (Oct 16, 1944 – May 9, 1945)
796th AAA AW Battalion (Oct 16, 1944 – May 9, 1945)

Attachments

Antiaircraft Artillery
796-AAA-AW Bn (SP) – Nov 16, 1944 – May 9, 1945

Armored
CCA (9-AD) – Dec 20, 1944 – Dec 26, 1944
Able 778-TB – Feb 19, 1945 – Mar 3, 1945

M-10 Wolverine Tank Destroyers of the 30th Infantry Division Magdeburg Germany 1945
Cavalry
94 Recon Tr (94-ID) – Feb 19, 1945 – Feb 20, 1945

Chemical
Charlie 81 Cml Mt Bn – Nov 11, 1944 – Dec 12, 1944
(2 secs) 161 Cml Co (SG) – Dec 1, 1944 – Dec 4, 1944
162 Cml Co (SG) – Feb 22, 1945 – Mar 3, 1945
(2 secs) 81 Cml Co (SG) – Mar 3, 1945 – Mar 9, 1945
Charlie 81 Cml Mort Bn (-1 plat) – Mar 3, 1945 – Mar 9, 1945

Engineer
1 plat 991 Engr Treadway Br Co – Nov 18, 1944 – Nov 24, 1944
179-ECB – Feb 23, 1945 – Feb 25, 1945
160-ECB – Mar 17, 1945 – Mar 23, 1945
2d Plat 997 Engr Treadway Br Co Mar 17, 1945 – Mar 23, 1945
Baker 245-ECB – Mar 20, 1945 – Mar 23, 1945
2827-ECB – Apr 8, 1945 – Apr 15, 1945
2828-ECB – Apr 16, 1945 – May 1, 1945

Field Artillery
Btry B, 244-FAB (155-MM GUN) – Nov 29, 1944 – Dec 2, 1944
919-FAB (105-MM HOW) – Feb 19, 1945 – Mar 3, 1945
193-FAG (Group) – Feb 20, 1945 – Mar 24, 1945
689-FAB (155-MM HOW) – Feb 20, 1945 – Mar 24, 1945
274-FAB – Feb 20, 1945 – Mar 24, 1945
776-FAB (155-MM HOW) – Feb 20, 1945 – Mar 24, 1945
141-FAB (155-MM HOW) – Apr 3, 1945 – Apr 14, 1945
194-FAB (8″ HOW) – Apr 3, 1945 – May 1, 1945
938-FAB (155-MM HOW) – Apr 3, 1945 – May 1, 1945
939-FAB (4.5″ GUN) – Apr 3, 1945 – May 1, 1945
59-AFAB – Apr 8, 1945 – May 1, 1945
1 btry, 976-FAB (155-MM GUN) – Apr 27, 1945 – May 1, 1945

Infantry
358-RCT (90-ID) – Nov 19, 1944 – Nov 26, 1944
109-RCT (28-ID) – Dec 22, 1944 – Dec 26, 1944
376-RTC (94-ID) – Feb 19, 1945 – Mar 3, 1945
1st Plat, Charlie 319-ECB (94-ID) – Feb 19, 1945 – Mar 3, 1945
417-RCT (76-ID) – Mar 4, 1945 – Mar 11, 1945
318-IR (80-ID) – Mar 6, 1945 – Mar 18, 1945
1/318-IR (80-ID) – Mar 19, 1945 – Mar 22, 1945
3/318-IR (80-ID) – Mar 19, 1945 – Mar 22, 1945
3/398-IR (100-ID) – Apr 3, 1945 – Apr 4, 1945(Illustration)(M-1A1 AT Mines) - M-18 of the 94-ID at a repair depot in Germany in early 1945
2/324-IR (44-ID) – Apr 19, 1945 – Apr 21, 1945

Tank Destroyer
638-TDB (SP) – (?) – Oct 15, 1944
609-TDB (SP) – Oct 16, 1944 – Mar 9, 1945

Detachments

Armored
CCB to VIII Corps – Dec 22, 1944 – Dec 18, 1945
CCR to 9-AD – Dec 22, 1944 – Dec 26, 1944
CCB to XV Corps – Jan 1, 1945 – Feb 9, 1945

Engineer
Charlie 55-AECB to 1139-EG (Group) – Nov 5, 1944 – Nov 13, 1944

Field Artillery
423-AFAB to 44-ID – Jan 22, 1945 – Feb 10, 1945

Command Posts Locations

Sept 23, 1944 – Cherbourg – France
Sept 30, 1944 – Teurtheville – France
Oct 29, 1944 – Mars-La-Tour – France
Nov 9, 1944 – Ottange – France
Nov 15, 1944 – Petit Hettange – France
Nov 19, 1944 – Laumesfeld – France
Nov 21, 1944 – Apach – France
Dec 17, 1944 – Luxembourg – Luxembourg
Dec 23, 1944 – Mersch – Luxembourg
Dec 27, 1944 – Metz – France
Dec 17, 1945 – Dieuze – France
Feb 10, 1945 – Falquemont – France
Feb 10, 1945 – Metz – France
Feb 19, 1945 – Apach – France
Feb 22, 1945 – Wincheringen – Germany
Feb 22, 1945 – Ayl – Germany
Mar 3, 1945 – Trier – Germany
Mar 17, 1945 – Mitlosheim – Germany
Mar 19, 1945 – Wadern – Germany
Mar 19, 1945 – St-Wendel – Germany
Mar 20, 1945 – Kaiserslautern – Germany
Mar 24, 1945 – Edenkoben – Germany
Mar 28, 1945 – Manheim (Waldhoff) – Germany
Apr 2, 1945 – Heidelberg – Germany
Apr 2, 1945 – Hoffenheim – Germany
Apr 4, 1945 – Bad Rappenau – Germany
Apr 6, 1945 – Merchingen – Germany
Apr 7, 1945 – Assumstadt – Germany
Apr 12, 1945 – Ingelfingen – GermanyM5A1 Stuart tank and GI with a German K-98 Sniper Rifle (Location Unknown) ETO, 1944
Apr 14, 1945 – Ohringen – Germany
Apr 18, 1945 – Bubenorbis – Germany
Apr 19, 1945 – Fichtenberg – Germany
Apr 20, 1945 – Lorch – Germany
Apr 21, 1945 – Goppingen – Germany
Apr 23, 1945 – Laichingen – Germany
Apr 23, 1945 – Ehingen – Germany
Apr 25, 1945 – Laupheim – Germany
Apr 25, 1945 – Dietenheim – Germany
Apr 26, 1945 – Babenhausen – Germany
Apr 27, 1945 – Mindelheim – Germany
Apr 27, 1945 – Kaufbeuren – Germany
Apr 28, 1945 – Schongau – Germany
Apr 29, 1945 – Steingaden – Germany
Apr 30, 1945 – Garmisch-Partenkirchen – Germany

Combat Narratives

The 10th AD landed at Cherbourg, France, on Sept 23, 1944, and trained at Teurtheville which it left on Oct 25. It entered the line in the Fort Driant sector to contain German forces there on Nov 2. CCB crossed over the Bailey Bridge at Thionville and CCA crossed at Malling to screen in the Saar-Moselle Triangle on Nov 14. Closely supported by aircraft, the division crossed CCA over the Nied River on Nov 18, at a damaged bridge near Filstroff, but in order to speed the advance on the Saare River withdrew and destroyed the bridge there the next day.

M-4 Sherman tank of the 10-AD with German Cross Battle of Bulge Luxembourg 1945CCB meanwhile encountered heavy opposition as, it neared Merzig on Nov 19. CCA was halted by obstacles of the Orscholz Switch Line the following day as CCB fell back under German counter-attack. CCA advanced to Nennig and Tettingen on November 22 but was forced out of both towns. As Tettingen was cleared on Nov 25, the division broke off its advance toward Saarburg and repelled counter-attacks against Borg. Finally, the division reached the Saare River opposite Merzig on Nov 30, and overcame weak resistance in the Merzig area on Dec 1. The capture of Dreisbach the next day marked the completion of division clearing operations west of the Saare.
In response to the German Ardenne counter-offensive, the division was moved to Luxembourg City on Dec 17. CCB was engaged at Bastogne on Dec 19, and CCA moved to positions near Echternacht, where it was relieved by the 4th Infantry Division on Dec 20. The division formed Combat Command X out of the CCA-9-AD and CCR-10-AD on Dec 21. CCA tried in vain to recover Waldbilling. The division fought at Bastogne, Noville, and Bras until relieved in Luxembourg on Dec 26. The 10-AD was then moved east of the Saare to maintain defensive lines. CCB attacked Noville on Jan 9, 1945, and captured Samrée in Belgium, the next day. The division was then moved to the Metz area on Feb 10, and assembled in the Perl – Basch area on Feb 19. It renewed the offensive the next day to clear the Saar Moselle Triangle as it attacked toward Kanzem and Wiltingen bridges and CCB drove northeast on Saarburg. Under heavy enemy fire which prevented bridging, the armored-infantry was forced across the Saar near Ockfen on Feb 22/24. CCB crossed in the Taben area of 94th Infantry Division the following day and on Feb 26, the Ockfen and Serrig bridgeheads were joined and expanded to allow a heavy ponton bridge to be put in at Saarburg. That same day CCB reached Zerf.

M-4A3 76.2-MM Sherman medium tank from the 21st Tank Battalion, CCA, 10-AD, Rosswalden, Germany on April 20, 1945On Feb 27, CCA attacked through CCB to enter Trier and take the Moselle River bridge intact on Mar 1/2. It then attacked across the Ruwer River near Eitelsbach against strong opposition on Mar 4, as CCB established a bridgehead under fire over the Kyll River near Ehrang. The Salm River (Germany) was reached and a bridgehead was thrown across in the Dorbach area on Mar 9. The following day, Wittlich was captured. CCA completed the drive from the Alf River to the Moselle and was relieved by the 76th Infantry Division at Bullay on Mar 12, and the next day the division completed assembly at Trier for rehabilitation.

The 10-AD renewed its offensive on Mar 16, attacked through the 80th Infantry Division and the 94th Infantry Division, and reached the Prims River the day after. Bypassing Kaiserlautern, the division stormed Landau on Mar 22. The division crossed the Rhine River on Mar 28 and assembled in preparation for further attack the next day. It attacked across the Neckar River in the Wieblingen area and advanced against rear-guard resistance to effect a junction with the 100th Infantry Division around Heilbron on Apr 7. The division fought in the Crailsheim Salient on Apr 8/10, when it was withdrawn for movement over the Kocher River in the 63rd Infantry Division sector at Weissbach the following day. The division attacked on April 16 and helped clear Schwaebisch Hall on Apr 17/18. It achieved a complete breakthrough over the Rems River on April 19 and took Kirchheim the day after. The 10th Armored Division consolidated and crossed the Danube at Ehingen on Apr 23/24, crossing the Austrian border near Fuessen on Apr 28. The next day it attacked across the Lech River with CCA at Schongau and CCB at Fuessen. The division was at Klais and Garmisch when it was halted to allow the passage of the 44th and 103rd Infantry Divisions through its lines on Apr 30. When hostilities were declared ended on May 7 1945 the division was at Innsbruck, Germany.


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