The 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, was constituted on August 29, 1917, and organized as Headquarters, 3rd Brigade, 15th Cavalry Division in December of the same year. The 3rd Brigade demobilized on July 15, 1919, and reconstituted on August 10, 1921, within the newly-constituted 1st Cavalry Division. Although never officially reorganized, the Brigade was inactive until its October 15, 1940, activation and redesignation and conversion to HHC, 9th Armored Division Trains. Renamed 9th Armored Division, and activated on July 15, 1942, at Fort Riley, Kansas. On June 10, 1943, the unit moved to Goff, California then to Camp Ibis, California on August 1, while participating in the #3 California Maneuvres in the Desert Training Center. The 9-AD moved then to Camp Polk, Louisiana on October 25, 1943, for the Third Army #5 Louisiana Maneuvres. The division staged then at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey on August 14, 1944, until departed the New York Port of Embarkation on August 18 and arrived in England on September 1.

The 9-AD landed in France on October 3, crossed into Luxembourg on October 20, into Belgium on December 18, returned to France on December 23, got back to Belgium on February 22 1945, and entered finally Germany on March 2, 1945. The 9th Armored was sent back to Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation in the USA on October 13, 1945, and was sent to Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia where it was deactivated.

CasualtiesUS 9th Armored Division, Westhousen, Germany, April 10, 1945

Killed in Action 549
Wounded in Action 2198
Missing in Action 1194
Captured 11
Battle Casualties 3952
Non-Battle Casualties 1459
Total Casualties 5411

Commanding General
Jul 15, 1942 / Aug 27, 1944, Maj Gen Goeffrey Keyes
Aug 27, 1944 / Deactivation, Maj Gen John W. Leonard

Artillery Commander
Aug 27, 1944, Col Joseph W. West

Chief of Staff
Aug 27, 1944 / Oct 17, 1944, Col Albert G. Kelly
Oct 17, 1944 / Nov 26, 1944, Col Joseph L. Gilbreth
Nov 26, 1944 / Mar 25, 1945, Col Harry W. Johnson
Mar 25, 1945 / Deactivation, Col Walter Burnside

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1
Aug 27, 1944, Lt Col Carl N. Smith9-AD Destroyed Halftrack - AT Mine

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2
Aug 27, 1944, Lt Col Ewing L. Lusk Jr

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3
Aug 27, 1944, Lt Col John S. Growden

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4
Aug 27, 1944, Lt Col Rollie W. Adams

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5
Aug 30, 1944, Maj Howard P. Morley

Adjutant General
Aug 27, 1944, Lt Col Sidney Sogard

CO Combat Command A
Aug 27, 1944 / May 3, 1945, Col Thomas L. Harrold
May 3, 1945 / Deactivation, Brig Gen Thomas L. Harrold

CO Combat Command B
Aug 27, 1944 / Nov 2, 1944, Brig Gen Edwin W. Pilburn
Nov 2, 1944 / Mar 23, 1945, Brig Gen William Hoge
Mar 23, 1945 / Deactivation, Col Harry W. JohnsonUS 9th Armored Division Moving through Limburg Germany 1945

CO Reserve Command
Aug 27, 1944 / Sep 12, 1944, Lt Col Adna C. Hamilton
Sep 12, 1944 / Nov 26, 1944, Col Adna C. Hamilton
Nov 26, 1944 / Jan 21, 1945, Col Joseph H. Gilbreth
Jan 21, 1945 / Mar 23, 1945, Col Walter Burnside
Mar 23, 1945 / Apr 28, 1945, Lt Col Charlie Wesner
Apr 28, 1945 / Deactivation, Lt Col Farris N. Latimer

Statistics Activated Jul 15, 1942, Arrived ETO Aug 27, 1944, Arrived Continent (D 111) Sept 25, 1944, Entered Combat (First Elements) Oct 23, 1944, Entered Combat (Entire Division) Dec 16, 1944, Days in Combat 91

Campaigns Ardennes, Rhineland, Central Europe

Individual Awards Distinguished Service Cross 1, Legion of Merit 7, Silver Star 162, Soldiers Medal 12, Bronze Star 845, Air Medal 23, Prisoners of War Taken 25.628

Order of Battle – WW-2

Headquarters CompanyM4 of the 9th Armored Division, Leutesdorf 22 March 1945
Combat Command A
Combat Command B
Reserve Command
2nd Tank Battalion
14th Tank Battalion
19th Tank Battalion
27th Armored Infantry Battalion
52nd Armored Infantry Battalion
60th Armored Infantry Battalion
89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized)
9th Armored Engineer Battalion
149th Armored Signal Company
9th Armored Division Artillery
3rd Armored Field Artillery Battalion
16th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
73rd Armored Field Artillery Battalion
9th Armored Division Trains
131st Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
2nd Armored Medical Battalion
Military Police Platoon
Band

Attachments

Antiaircraft Artillery
482nd AAA AW Bn (SP) – Nov 2 1944 / Jan 8 1945Private Alvin Harley of the 9th Armored Division gets a kiss from a little French girl with a German Shepherd by his side in Abancourt, France on Valentine’s Day 1945
482nd AAA AW Bn (SP) – Feb 22 1945 / May 9 1945

Armored
Hq & Hq Co, 12th Armored Group – Dec 4 1944 / Jan 8 1945
Combat Command R (10-AD) – Dec 22 1944 – Dec 26 1944

Cavalry
18th Cav Recon Sq – Mar 21 1945 / Mar 22 1945

Field Artillery
400th Field Artillery Bn – Feb 28 1945 / Mar 13 1945
667th Field Artillery Bn (155-MM HOW) – Feb 28 1945 / Mar 13 1945
60th Field Artillery Bn (9-ID) (105-MM HOW) – Mar 3 1945 / Mar 6 1945
84th Field Artillery Bn (9-ID) (105-MM How) – Mar 7 1945 / Mar 9 1945
186th Field Artillery Bn (155 How) – Mar 26 1945 / Apr 20 1945
987th Field Artillery Bn (155 Gun)(Btry A) – Apr 1 1945 / Apr 19 1945
987th Field Artillery Bn (155 Gun)(- Btry A) – Apr 1 1945 / Apr 23 1945
38th Field Artillery Bn (2-ID)(105-MM How) – Apr 2 1945 / Apr 5 1945
406th Field Artillery Group – Apr 2 1945 / Apr 5 1945
200th Field Artillery Bn (155-MM Gun) – Apr 3 1945 / Apr 5 1945
953rd Field Artillery Bn (155-MM How) – Apr 3 1945 / Apr 5 1945

Infantry
109-IR (28-ID) – Dec 20 1944 / Dec 22 1944
1/310-IR (78-ID) – Mar 1 1945 / Mar 9 1945
3/310-IR (78-ID) – Mar 1 1945 / Mar 9 1945
60-IR (9-ID) – Mar 3 1945 / Mar 5 1945
2/310-IR (78-ID) – Mar 5 1945 / Mar 9 1945
47-IR (9-ID) – Mar 7 1945 / Mar 9 1945
311-IR (78-ID) – Mar 8 1945 / Mar 9 1945
1/60-IR (9-ID) – Mar 8 1945 / Mar 9 1945
309-IR (78-ID) – Mar 8 1945 / Mar 9 1945
38-IR (2-ID) – Mar 25 1945 / Par 5 1945
C Co, 2-ECB (2-ID) – Mar 25 1945 / Apr 5 1945
1/23-IR (2-ID) – Apr 2 1945 / Apr 5 1945
2/273-IR (69-ID) – Apr 9 1945 / Apr 19 1945
3/273-IR (69-ID) – Apr 9 1945 / Apr 20 1945
3/38-ID (2-ID) – Apr 9 1945 / Apr 21 1945

Tank Destroyer
811-TDB (SP) – Nov 14 1944 / Jan 8 1945
656-TDB (SP) – Feb 22 1945 / May 9 1945

Detachments

Armored
CCB to V Corps, Dec 12 1944 / Dec 16 1944
A Co, 19-TB to 4-ID – Dec 16 1944 / Dec 19 1944A Belgian girl kisses an American anti-aircraft gunner after the liberation of Liege, Belgium 1944
CCB to 106-ID – Dec 16 1944 / Dec 21 1944
2-TB to 101-A/B – Dec 19 1944 – Dec 30 1944
CCR to 101-A/B – Dec 19 1944 / 31 Dec 1944
CCA to 10-AD – Dec 20 1944 / Dec 26 1944
CCB to 7-AD – Dec 22 1944 / Jan 7 1945
14-TB to 82-A/B – Dec 23 1944 / Dec 24 1944
CCA to 4-AD – Dec 27 1944 / Dec 30 1944
CCB to 28-ID – Jan 9 1945 / Jan 10 1945
2 Plats, 14-TB to 78-ID – Feb 16 1945 / Mar 17 1945
CCB to 9-ID – Mar 3 1945 / Mar 5 1945
CCB to 9-ID – Mar 9 1945 / Mar 12 1945
CCA to 1-ID – Mar 3 1945 / May 8 1945

Cavalry
89-CRS, less Trs C & D to 8-ID – Oct 23 1944 / Nov 1 1944
89-CRS, Tr D to 2-ID – Oct 27 1944 / Nov 8 1944
89-CRS, less Trs A & D to 8-ID – Nov 1 1944 / 10 Nov 1944
89-CRS, Tr A to 83-ID – Nov 22 1944 / Nov 28 1944
89-CRS, Tr B to 83-ID – Nov 22 1944 / Dec 5 1944
89-CRS, Tr C to 83-ID – Nov 28 1944 / Dec 7 1944
89-CRS, Tr A to 83-ID – Dec 5 1944 / Dec 7 1944
89-CRS, Tr A to 4-ID – Dec 7 1944 / Dec 13 1944
89-CRS, Tr C to 4-ID – Dec 7 1944 / Dec 13 1944

Engineer
2 plats, B Co, 9-AEB to 2-ID – Oct 29 1944 / Nov 4 1944

Field Artillery
16-AFAB to 2-ID – Dec 12 1944 / Dec 16 194414th Tank Battalion, 9th Armored Division, autumn 1944 in France or spring 1945 in Germany
73-AFAB to 7-TD Group – Dec 20 1944 / Dec 23 1944
73-AFAB to 28-ID – Dec 24 1944 / Dec 29 1944

Infantry
52-AIB to 8-ID – Oct 23 1944 / Oct 30 1944
27-AIB to 2-ID – Oct 27 1944 / Nov 8 1944
60-AIB to 8-ID – Nov 2 1944 / Nov 9 1944
B Co, 52-AIB to 83-ID – Nov 22 1944 / Nov 29 1944
C Co, 52-AIB to 83-ID – Nov 28 1944 / Dec 6 1944
C Co, 52-AIB to 4-ID – Dec 7 1944 / Dec 13 1944
60-AIB to 78-ID – Mar 12 1945 / Mar 16 1945
52-AIB to 9-ID – Mar 16 1945 / Mar 18 1945

Command Posts Location
Jul 31 1944, Tidworth (Adv) – Wiltshire – England
Aug 27 1944, Tidworth (Main) – Wiltshire – England
Sept 23 1944, Dorchester – Dorset – England
Sept 25 1944, Weymouth – Dorset – England
Sept 28 1944, Sainte-Marie-Du-Mont – Manche – France
Oct 6 1944, Pont L’Abbe-Picauville – Manche – France
Oct 7 1944, Sainte-Marie-Du-Mont – Manche – France
Oct 13 1944, Falaise – Calvados – France
Oct 14 1944, Damville – Eure – France
Oct 15 1944, Gargan – Seine-et-Oise – France
Oct 16 1944, Bèrgères-les-Vertus – Marne – France
Oct 17 1944, Verdun – Meuse – France
Oct 18 1944, Mersch – Luxembourg
Dec 20 1944, Walferdange – Luxembourg
Dec 23 1944, Etalle – Belgium
Dec 30 1944, Guignicourt-sur-Vence – Ardennes – FranceMembers of the 9th Armored Division meet up with units of the Red Army near Linz, Austria
Jan 12 1945, Bockange – Moselle – France
Jan 14 1945, Ennery – Moselle – France
Feb 22 1945, Sprimont – Belgium
Feb 28 1945, Gey – Rhineland – Germany
Mar 2 1945, Soller – Rhineland – Germany
Mar 4 1945, Zulpich – Rhineland – Germany
Mar 6 1945, Euskirchen – Rhineland – Germany
Mar 7 1945, Stadt Meckenheim – Rhineland – Germany
Mar 10 1945, Bad Neuenahr – Rhineland – Germany
Mar 23 1945, Rheinbroehl – Rhineland – Germany
Mar 25 1945, Neuweid – Rhineland – Germany
Mar 27 1945, Elz – Nassau – Germany
Mar 29 1945, Rechtenbach – Hessen – Germany
Apr 1 1945, Volkmarsen – Kurhessen – Germany
Apr 2 1945, Marburg – Kurhessen – Germany
Apr 9 1945, Nieder Scheden – Hannover – Germany
Apr 10 1945, Grossbruchter – Saxony – Germany
Apr 11 1945, Westerengel – Thuringia – Germany
Apr 12 1945, Steigra – Halle-Messenburg – Germany
Apr 13 1945, Hohenmolsen – Halle-Messenburg – Germany
Apr 15 1945, Breitingen – Halle-Messenburg – Germany
Apr 16 1945, Bad Lausick – Saxony – Germany
Apr 21 1945, Lobstadt – Saxony – Germany
Apr 30 1945, Apolda – Thuringia – Germany
May 4 1945, Munchberg – Thuringia – GermanyMembers of the U.S. 9th Armored Division meet up with units of the Red Army near Linz, Austria
May 5 1945, Wernberg – Bavaria – Germany
May 6 1945, Weiden – Bavaria – Germany

Combat Narrative

The 9-AD landed in Normandy, France, on Oct 3, 1944, and initially patrolled a quiet sector along the borders of Luxembourg and Germany. The German counter-offensive in Belgium and Luxembourg struck the division on Dec 16, 1944, and CCB was ordered to St Vith as the division lost ground. CCR moved into positions along the Bastogne – Trois-Vierges road on Dec 17. The German drive breached the division’s lines the following day. Fighting in widely scattered areas, CCA defended near Ermsdorf on Dec 20 and CCB withdrew from Poteau & St Vith on Dec 23. Meanwhile, remnants of CCR were employed in the defense of Bastogne under control of the 101-A/B. The remainder of the division was ordered to reserve at Sedan on Dec 30, 1944.

The division rehabilitated in Jan 1945 and trained in Feb 1945. It attacked on Feb 28 across the Roer River in the Soller region, CCA clearing strong opposition at Wollersheim and Langendorf on Mar 2, as CCB reached the Roth River and established a bridgehead at Friesheim. CCR captured Niederberg. The next day CCB reached the Erft River at Lommersum and was joined along the river by CCA and CCR in the Euskirchen vicinity on Mar 4, 1945.

The Ludendorff Bridge in RemagenThe division then opened its offensive across the Erft River toward the junction of the Rhine and Ahr Rivers on Mar 5. CCB overcame light resistance to capture the Ludendorff Railroad Bridge at Remagen, which was damaged and prepared for demolition but still standing intact on Mar 7. It quickly crossed to establish a firm bridgehead across the Rhine and was joined there the next day by CCB as CCA defended the Ahr River Line.

After consolidation, the division attacked on Mar 22 to clear the region between Rhine and Wied Rivers and secured bridgeheads across the latter. The division renewed its offensive on Mar 26 and attacked through the 2-ID; CCA reached the Lahn River at Diez and CCB at Limburg. It assembled along the Lahn as CCR drove to contact the Third Army on the Cologne Frankfurt Autobahn north of Idstein on Mar 28. The division attacked again on Mar 29 and by Mar 31 had established a bridgehead across the Diemel River in the Warburg area which was then maintained against counterattacks.

The division started to an assembly area east of the Weser River on Apr 8 and attacked through the 2-ID and 69-ID on Apr 10 to spearhead the drive to the Saale River, which it reached on Apr 12. On Apr 13, CCA reached the Weisse – Elster River near Pegau and consolidated. After heavy combat in the Borna area through factory districts at Deutzen, CCR reached the Mulde River and seized bridges in the Colditz – Lastau region on Apr 15. The next day it crossed and cleared Colditz. The division then mopped up along the Mulde River until moved to the Borna – Taucha region in reserve on Apr 21. It guarded utilities and factories at Rotha on Apr 22 until it moved near Jena on Apr 29, 1945. CCA was detached to the 1-ID on May 3 for the drive on Karlsbad, and attacked on May 6, 1945, down the Cheb – Falknov Road. The 9th Armored Division was in Rudolec when hostilities were declared ended on May 7, 1945.


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