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US Armor in the Hürtgen Forest (Schmidt & Kommerscheid)

Source Document: Armor in the Huertgen Forest. The Kall Trail and the Battle of Kommerscheidt by Captain Mike Sullivan. The mission of Armor is to close with and destroy the enemy...

George S. Patton’s Desert Training Center (WW-2)

Document Source: This archive - Georges S. Patton's Desert Training Center - was written by Col John Kennedy, US Air Force (Ret) Col John Lynch, and Mr. Robert L. Wooley. The...

Carol Klinger Woolbright

This is a request from a friend in Columbus Ga, Carol Klinger which is not only a friend but also the daughter of Captain Jack Klinger Woolbright, Commanding Officer of Baker...

Château de Roumont

Dear Members of the European Center of Military History, My name is Arthur Coppee, I'm a young fan of the Battle of the Bulge based in Belgium and I'm looking for some...

Jedburgh (12-AG Support) 1944

Foreword The Jedburghs were three-man teams parachuted into occupied France after D-Day to develop liaison with the Resistance. They were truly inter-allied, French (103), Belgian (5), Dutch (5), British (90) and American...

Italian Army in WW-2 (W. Turnbow)

Source Document: The Italian Army during World War Two by Woody Turnbow Background and Preparations A. The Italian armed forces were faced with a conflict between theories of employment. They had historically been...

German Capitulation Northern Italy (OSS)

Gen William Joseph 'Wild Bill' Donovan (Jan 1, 1883 – Feb 8, 1959) was an American soldier, lawyer, intelligence officer, and diplomat, best known for serving as the head of the...

OSS File : Herr Adolf Hitler

(OSS File) Memo copy is from RID/ATI file folder on Adolf Hitler filed under Wah X-2 Personalities #13; the folder contains 1 copy of a 28 page report on Heinrich Himmler...

SOE Codes – ETO

Special Operations Executive (SOE) Codes Operations in Europe A particularly rare thing in this world often reserved for men is the fact of being able to put women in the honor. And God...

Operation Pastorius : Duquesne Ring 1942

Operation Pastorius was a failed German intelligence plan for sabotage inside the United States during World War II. The operation was staged in June 1942 and was to be directed against...

SHAEF Report – Buchenwald 1945

Allied Forces, Supreme Headquarters, G-5, US Group Control Council. Inspection of the German Concentration Camp for political prisoners and located at Buchenwald on the north edge of Weimar. Inspection made by Gen...

One Letter from the Concentration Camp in Dachau 1945 (Crowling)

Document Source: Letter and Report filed by 1/Lt William Cowling, US 42nd Infantry Division, on liberating Dachau; photo courtesy of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum/Eric Schwab April 28, 1945 Dachau, Germany Dear Folks, Boy oh...

Capture of the Concentration Camp in Dachau (US 42-ID)

HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES 42nd INFANTRY DIVISION MILITARY REPORT CAPTURE OF THE GERMAN CONCENTRATION CAMP AT DACHAU May 2, 1945. On April 29, 1945, Gen Henning Linden, ADC of the Rainbow 42-ID, Gen Charles Y. Banfill...

442-RCT’s The Rescue of the Lost Battalion (Watanabe)

Document Source: A thesis presented to the Faculty of the US Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master of Military Art and...

505-ELPC – 10/1944 – 04/1945

Source Document: After Action Report, 505th Engineer Light Ponton Company, World War Two, European Theater of Operations 505-ELPC - October 1944 (1) Designation: 505th Engineer Light Ponton Company. (2) Organization: May 15 1942....

AGF Cbt Observations 319.1/48 (Torch)

319.1/48 (Foreign Obsrs) (S) GNGBI. (3-29-43) SUBJECT: Observer Report. E.S. Johnson, Col Infantry / Observator TO : By Auth Commanding General, Army Ground Forces / Date 3/29/43 Commanding Generals: V Army; Second Army; Third Army;...

26-ID (Raw Data) Sgt James Haahr

Archive sent to EUCMH by Sgt James 'Jim' Haahr (USA), 101st Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division 1944-1945. You can, of course, use the information provided in this document as long as...

26-ID (Yankee) WW-2 – ETO

The 26th Infantry Division (Yankee Division), has been a famous division for almost two centuries of American burgeoning and growth. The lineage of the Yankee Division extends back to the beginning...

561-FAB – ETO – WW2 (Battle of the Bulge & Germany)

Dec 17, 1944, defying the murky skies, the tiny liaison plane circled low as Lt David E. Runden dropped a note in the battalion area. Kraut Tanks in Setz Heading our...

XIX Corps Engineers – (ETO)

Document Source: Report and Short History of the XIX Corps Engineers in Europa, World War Two The German Army is totally defeated. Now, immediately thereafter, a brief history of the XIX Corps...

1/422/106-ID – Forced March (Mohn)

Source Document: Forced March Major John P. Mohn, HQ Co, 1st Battalion, 422nd Infantry Regiment, 106th Infantry Division Forced March, from Schoenberg - St Vith (Battle of the Bulge, Belgium) to Berchtesgaden...

7th Infantry Division – WW-2

The 7-D was activated on Dec 6, 1917, eight months after the American entry into World War I, as the 7-D of the Regular Army at Camp Wheeler, Georgia. One month...

1-AD – OOB – WW-2

Col Daniel Van Voorhis took a cadre of 175 officers and enlisted men from Fort Eustis to Fort Knox in February 1932, and established a Provisional Armored Car Platoon. This was...

1st Infantry Division – WW-2

The 1st Division also nicknamed Fighting First or Big Red One, is the oldest division in the US Army and has seen continuous service since its organization in 1917. The division...

1st Cavalry Division – WW-2

The history of the 1st Cavalry Division began in 1921 after the army established a permanent cavalry division Table of Organization and Equipment (TO&E) on Apr 4, 1921. It authorized a...

2nd Armored Division – WW-2

The 2nd Armored Division was formed at Fort Benning, Georgia on Jul 15, 1940, by reorganizing and redesignating the Provisional Tank Brigade composed of the 66th Infantry Regiment (Light Tanks), the...

2nd Cavalry Division (H) – OOB – WW-2

Document Source: United States Army Order of Battle, World War Two (1945) Placed on the rolls of the Army in 1921, the 2nd Cavalry Division was not activated until April 1941. As...

2nd Cavalry Division (H-C) -WW-2

The activation of the 9th Armored Division created several logistical problems at Fort Riley and Camp Funston. The installations that had accommodated a single division were now home to a division...

2nd Infantry Division – WW-2

The 2nd Division was first constituted on Sept 21, 1917, in the Regular Army. It was organized on Oct 26, 1917, at Bourmont, Department of the Haute-Marne, France. When the unit's...

A Letter from Buchenwald – 99th Infantry Battalion – (Minge)

(Background) After Pearl Harbor (Dec 7, 1941), the War Department considered how the military could use foreigners and bilingual, first-generation immigrants from German-occupied areas to assist the war effort. The initial...

Letter from Dachau – A/99-IB(S) (Tuftedal)

(Background) After Pearl Harbor (Dec 7, 1941), the War Department considered how the military could use foreigners and bilingual, first-generation immigrants from German-occupied areas to assist the war effort. The initial...

Para Raiders – USMC-WW-2

Lt Col Jon T. Hoffman, US Marine Corps Reserve. Official Study - War Department, Silk Chutes and Hard Fighting, USMC Parachute Units in World War II, History and Museums Division, Headquarters...

5th Infantry Division – WW-2

The 5th Division was activated on Dec 11, 1917, eight months after the United States entered into World War One, at Camp Logan, Houston, Texas and began training for deployment to...

3rd Armored Division – WW-2

The 3rd Armored Division (Spearhead) was activated on Apr 15, 1941, at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana. During the month of Jun 1941, it moved to Camp Polk, Louisiana. On Mar 9, 1942,...

644-TDB – (William R. Lally)

My name is Daron, and I am a collector of vintage. My latest obsession is with Vogue Picture records. They were made in the years 1946-1947. An ad in a paper...

Army Sighting Levels – WW-2

Directions First Study the Line Drawing To obtain a level line sight through the peep-hole until the bubble is centered opposite the middle line. The short stadia lines above or below the center...

Cruchon & Emons – (Paris) 1918

It is particularly difficult to orientate oneself in one direction or the other when one wants to gather the material necessary for the realization of a book. As usual, I always...

Cruchon & Emons – (Berne) – 1918

It is particularly difficult to orientate oneself in one direction or the other when one wants to gather the material necessary for the realization of a book. As usual, I always...

Plan Limited (Neuchatel) – 1918

Vintage WW-1 Brass Plant Ltd Neuchatel Switzerland US Corps of Engineer Marching Compass. (Collection EUCMH) Being 2 1/8" (across) in size, this brass US Engineer Corps compass was manufactured by at least...

K-98 Bayonet for M-1 Rifle

(Image Source: IMA-USA) Original IMA Caption: Very few available. IMA has received a small delivery of these exceptionally rare German WW-2 Wooden gripped K-98 Bayonets that were modified by the Norwegian Army...

AIR Operations – China Burma India (Maj Edward M. Hudak)

Document Source: Air Operations, China-Burma-India by Maj Edward M. Hudak, Command and General Staff College, May 31, 1949. AIR OPERATIONS CHINA BURMA INDIA The problem was the way to determine the need for,...

Flying Tigers (American Volunteers Group) China-Burma-India

(Document Source: I just can not remember - sorry) You fly a P-40 with two hundred gallons of aviation fuel that last two and a half hours for five hundred miles. When...

24-ID (Mindanao – Philippine Islands) Apr-Aug 1945

Document Source: Operations of the US 24th Infantry Division, invasion of Mindanao (with Emphasis on G-1 Activities), Philippine Islands, April 17, 1945, to August 11, 1945. (Personal Experience of a Division...

6-ID (Charlie 63) Mt Mataba Luzon 1945

The Sixth Army (6-A) landed on the southeastern shores of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon Island, on Jan 9, 1945, against relatively light enemy opposition. A beachhead was established and all units continued...

6th Marine Division (Baker 29) Okinawa – April 1945

(Document Source: Operations of the Gun Platoon, Baker Company, 1st Battalion, 29th Marine Regiment, 6th Marine Division, in Okinawa on the Ryukyus Islands, April 1, 1945 - April 18, 1945. Capt...

5307 Galahad – Walawbum – March 1944

Document Source: Operations of the 5307th Composite Unit, Provisional, (Merrill's Marauders) in Walawbum, Burma, Mar 2, to Mar 7, 1944, China - Burma - India Campaign, Maj John K. Eney Orientation &...

5307 (C)(P) – Combined Operations in Burma (1944)

During the Second World War, the United States fought as a member of the largest military coalition ever formed. Across the world, millions of American soldiers, sailors, and airmen joined with...

5307 (P) Galahad – China-Burma-India – Feb/ May 1944

In the thick of battle, the soldier is busy doing his job. He has the knowledge and confidence that his Job is part of a unified plan to defeat the enemy,...

WW2 Canadian Airborne Units

This is not really common for me to use the text of someone else. But sometimes, when a published archive is very interesting and has many photos I have to republish...

1st Canadian Parachute Battalion (Normandy)

Amendment to Report #139 Historical Section - Canadian Military Headquarters (1) The following amendment, dealing with the casualties suffered by the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion on June 6, 1944, should be read in...

1-CPB – Birth of an Elite – WW2

(Document Sources:) Appendix, Historical Section, Canadian Military Headquarters Report #138; Further Material Relating to the Organization and Training of the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion. This appendix supplements the information contained in those...

Love-26 (1-ID) – Maknassy – Tunisia

Operations of Love Co, 26th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, in the Night Raid on Maknassy, Tunisia, December 17, 1942. Personal experience of a Company Commander. Maj Stephen B. Morrissey Official histories of...

1st Ranger Battalion (Darby) – Gela – Sicily

Gen Lucian K. Truscott, US Army, in liaison with the British General Staff, submitted proposals to Gen George C. Marshall that we undertake immediately an American unit along the lines of...

1st Ranger Battalion – Djebel el Ank – Tunisia

Col William Orlando Darby (Feb 8, 1911 – Apr 30, 1945) was an US Army officer who fought during WW-2 and was killed in action in Italy. He was posthumously promoted...

1st Infantry Division – Z-Y Beaches – Operation Torch

(Document Source) The following archive is the G-3 report of the participation of the 1st Infantry Division in Operation Torch, French Morrocco, North Africa, Nov 8, 1942. It is submitted in...

504-PIB – Sicily – Jul 9 – Aug 19 1943

Operation of the 504th Parachute Infantry Regimental Combat Team, in Sicily during the period July 9, 1943, to August 19, 1943. Personal Experience of a Regimental Headquarters Company Commander. Capt Adam A....

2-AD (Kool Force) (Operation Husky) Sicily

Document Source: Historical Record, Operations of the US 2nd Armored Division, Kool Force, Operation Husky, Sicily, World War Two Concentration for Husky Concentration, April 22 to July 22, 1943. Pursuant to orders CG,...

45-ID (3/157) Moletta River (02/44)

Defensive Operation of the 3rd Battalion, 157th Infantry Regiment, 45th Infantry Division along the Moletta River Line, Northwest of Anzio, Italy, February 7 to February 8 1944. Personal Experience of a...

88-ID (H-2/350) Monterumici (04/45)

Document Source: Operations of How Company, 2nd Battalion, 350th Infantry Regiment, 88th Infantry Division Monterumici, vicinity of Bologna, Italy, Po Valley Campaign, April 15 to April 18, 1945 Personal Experience of a Company...

509th Parachute Battalion S3 Journal – Italy (November 1943)

(Document Source: Report of Operations of the 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion, Office of the Battalion Commander, S-3 Journal, Period, November 10, 1943, December 13, 1943. Italy. HQs 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion,...

3rd Infantry Division (Anvil-Dragoon) Southern France

Document source unknown. The preliminary planning for Operation Anvil-Dragoon, an Operation first code-named 'Anvil' and later changed to 'Dragoon' because it was believed that the original name had been compromised, was for...

Operation Dragoon – Planning

The invasion of Southern France, Operation Dragoon, was characterized by an 'on again - off again', attitude at the highest political levels. Sir Winston Churchill (Prime Minister of the UK) had...

1/358-90-ID – Koenigsmacker – (11/44)

Operations of the 1st Battalion, 358th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry Division in and around the Fort Koenigsmacker, North of Thionville, France, 9/11 November 1944 during the Rhineland Campaign. This archive is...

26/1-ID AAR Normandy (07/44)

In 1941, the 26-IR stood with its sister regiments and prepared for war in Europe. The regiment was assigned to the 1st Infantry Division for the duration of World War II....

16/1-ID – Omaha Beach – (Journal)

Journal entries, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, June 1944, Normandy, France. (Raw Data) 0630- First wave lands on schedule on the beach of Normandy, France, and meets fierce resistance on beaches....

1-506/101st Airborne Division – Carentan – June 1944

Ducument Source: Operations of the 1st Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division during the period of June 6, 1944, to June 8, 1944, in Carentan and in the vicinity,...

E-7/3d Infantry Division (Colmar Pocket) 01/1945

Document Source, Operations of the 3rd Platoon, Easy Company, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division; East of Ostheim in the Colmar Pocket (Alsace Campaign) 22-23 Jan 1945. Personal Experience of a...

134/35th Infantry Division (AAR) France, December 1944

(Document source: Original After Action Report, 35th Infantry Division, December 1, 1944 - December 31, 1944. The 35th Infantry Division, with the exception of one battalion, began the month of December 1944,...

2nd Armored Division – (TF Stokes) Holland – Sept 1944

Document Source: I really don't remember where I found this archive or who sent it to me. By the evening of September 15, 1944, Gen Joseph Lawton Collins' US XIX Corps had...

Easy 505-PIR (82-A/B) – Nijmegen Bridge – September 1944

Document Source: Operations of the 3rd Platoon, Easy Company, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division, 1st Allied Airborne Army, during the seizure of the Bridge in Nijmegen, September 19-20, 1944,...

1/110-IR (28-ID) – Marnach – 12/44

(Document Source): Operations Report of the 1st Battalion, 110th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division in the vicinity of Heinerscheid and Marnach during the Batte of the Bulge, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, December...

1-ID (Charlie 18) – Crucifix Hill Aachen 10/44

Operation Report of Charlie Company, 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division (Big Red One), Attack on the Crucifix Hill (Hill 239 - Haarberg), Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle), Germany, Rhineland Campaign - October 8-9...

US VII Corps – Breaching the Siegfried Line September 1944

(v. 2023) Document Source: Headquarters Army Ground Force, Army War College, Washington D. C., Report Number 61. Col H. A. Miller; Col Shaffer F. Jarrel, September 22, 1944. Combat Observations. (Transcription...

38th Cavalry Recon Squadron (MECZ) AAR – December 1944

Document source: After action report 38th Cavalry Recon Squadron (Mechanized), Aug 44 thru April 45, Ike Skelton Combined Arms Research, Digital Library. (Checked and Corrected while processing the file: Doc Snafu) 38th...

George Co 2/395-IR (99-ID) Schleiden – Germany December 1944

Document Source: This archive comes from either an After Action Report or a Monograph. I have so many archives that I don't find the origin again. Anyway, this is an original...

1/9-IR – 2nd Infantry Division Krinkelt-Rocherath – December 17/18 1944 (Maj William F. Hancock)

(Document Source) Operations of the 1st Battalion, 9th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division, Indian Head, in a hasty Defense against a German Panzer Force Attack in the north of Krinkelt-Rocherath, December...

589th Field Artillery Battalion (TF Parker) (Parker Crossroads) December 1944

Source Document: Parker and the Team, 1945; 424th Infantry Regiment, 106th Infantry Division, 82nd Airborne Division, EUCMH archives, AAR, Parker's Crossroads, Baraque de Fraiture, Battle of the Bulge, Belgium, 1944 The tactical...

US 3&1 Armies Junction – January 1945 (Bulge)

Document Source: The German Winter Offensive, often called the Battle of the Bulge, which started on Dec 16 1944 at 0530, was terminated on Jan 16 1945 when the US 1-A...

1st Infantry Division – Butgenbach – January-1945

Document Source Unknown (Definitively Checked (typo) and City Names by Doc Snafy on October 1, 2022). On January 1, 1945, the enemy was on an operational see-saw, his original plans of an...

644th Tank Destroyer Battalion – (AAR) – December 1944

Document Source: Report about the employment of four (4) Tank Destroyer Battalions in the ETO. Officers Advanced Course, Armored School. 644th Tank Destroyer Battalion (Self-Propelled), by Maj William F. Jackson, Maj...

124th Cavalry Regiment (Troop A) Namhpakkha 1945 (Burma)

Document Source: Operation of Troop A, 124th Cavalry Regiment, Mars Task Force, in the Battle of Nam-Pak-Kha, Jan 28, 1945, to Feb 2, 1945, Central Burma Campaign. Personal Experience of a...

124-CAV (2nd Squadron) – Knight’s Hill – Burma – 1945

Document Source: Operation of the 2nd Squadron, 124th Cavalry Regiment (Special) during the Battle of Knight's Hill in Burma, Jan 29 to Feb 2, 1945, Central Burma Campaign. Personal Experience of...

5307 (P)(C) (Merril’s Marauders) GALAHAD – Burma – April-May 1944

Document Source: Operations of the 5307th (Composite) Regiment (Provisional), Merrill’s Marauders, (Codenamed - Galahad), in Northern Burma during the period of April to May 1944, (LRPM) Long Range Penetration Mission. Personal...

5332 (P) Long Range Penetration Group (Central Burma) 01/29/45-15-07-45

(Document Source: EUCMH Archives CD #8 World War Two Monographs - China Burma India) At the beginning of 1945, less than eight months remained before the final surrender of Japan. Those...

3rd Infantry Division – Order of Battle – WW-2

Document Source: United States Army Order of Battle (1945). (Marne Division) The three white stripes represent the number of the division and the three major operations in which the division participated...

ASSC Section to AAF (1913-1940)

At the peak of its strength in World War II, the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) had more than 2.400.000 men and women in uniform. There were pilots, navigators, bombardiers,...

General USAAF Lee Claire Chennault – Campaign Planner (AVG) (CBI)

Document Source & Purpose: This archive examines Claire Lee Chennault as a military theorist and campaign planner. It inquires whether Chennault's evolution of a theory of war assisted his planning of...

4-AD – OOB – WW-2

The 4th Armored Division was activated on Apr 15, 1941, at Pille Camp, New York and moved to Camp Forrest, Tennessee, on Oct 2, 1942, for the 1st Corps Tennessee Maneuvers....

4th Infantry Division – WW-2

Activated on Jun 1, 1940, as the 4th Division at Fort Benning, Georgia, the Unit was reorganized as 4th Division (Motorized) on Jul 1, 1940, then as 4th Motorized Division on...

5th Armored Division – WW-2

The 5th Armored Division was activated at Fort Knox, Kentucky, on Oct 1, 1941, and was moved to Camp Cooke, California, on Feb 16, 1942. On Aug 14, the division participated...