7th Armored Division – WW-2

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The 7th Armored Division was activated on March 1 1942 at Camp Polk, Louisiana and moved on September 15 to the IV Corps Louisiana Maneuvers. It returned to Camp Polk on November 9, arrived on March 11 1943 at the Desert Training Center for the #2 California Maneuvers, was transferred on August 12 1943 to Fort Benning, Georgia and arrived at Camp Myles Standish, Massachusetts on April 22 1944. The Division staged at Camp Shanks, New York, from May 2 1944 until departed New York Port of Embarkation on June 7 and arrived in England on Jun 14. The 7th Armored Division landed in France on August 11 1944, crossed into Belgium on September 26 and into Holland on October 8 1944. It returned to Belgium on December 28 1944 and entered Germany March 15 1945. The division arrived at Hampton Roads POE on October 9 1945 and was inactivated at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia the same day.

Casualties
Killed in Action, 887
Wounded in Action, 4174
Missing in Action, 1050
Captured, 39
Battle Casualties, 6150
Non-Battle Casualties, 4352
Total Casualties, 10502

Lucky Seventh
The mixture of insignia and distinctive colors of several arms incorporated in the Armored Force symbolize integrity and esprit. It is an interlocked ornament, found in Nordic monuments, composed of three torques: red for Artillery; blue for Infantry; and yellow for Cavalry. The symbols represent the characteristics of Armored Divisions: the tank track, mobility and armor protection; the cannon, fire power; and the red bolt of lightening, shock action.

Chronology
Activated, Mar 1, 1942; Arrived ETO, Jun 13, 1944; Arrived France, Aug 10, 1944; Entered Combat, (First Element) Aug 13, 1944; Entered Combat, (Entire Division) Aug 14, 1944; Days in Combat, 172.

Campaigns
Northern France; Ardennes; Rhineland; Central Europe.

Commanding Generals
Maj Gen Lindsay M. Silverster, Jun 13, 1944; Brig Gen Robert W. Hasbrouck, Nov 1, 1944; Maj Gen Robert W. Hasbrouck, Jan 4, 1944.

Division Artillery
Col Orville W. Martin, Jun 13, 1944.

Chiefs of Staff
Col George H. Molony, Jun 13, 1944; Col Andrew J. Adams, Jun 15, 1944; Col Church M. Matthews, Nov 13, 1944; Col John L. Ryan Jr, Dec 17, 1944.

Assistant Chiefs of Staff – G-1
Lt Col John V. Maxwell, Jun 13, 1944; Maj Charles R. Grant, Jan 24, 1945; Lt Col Charles R. Grant, Mar 1, 1945.

Assistant Chiefs of Staff – G-2
Lt Col Everett W. Murray, Jun 13, 1944.

Assistant Chiefs of Staff – G-3
Lt Col Alvin L. Mente Jr, Jun 13, 1944; Lt Col Charles E. Leydecker, Sept 2, 1944.

Assistant Chiefs of Staff – G-4
Maj Reginald H. Hodgson, Jun 13, 1944; Lt Col Reginald H. Hodgson, Jul 15, 1944.

Assistant Chiefs of Staff – G-5
Maj Rex Thompson, Jun 27, 1944; Lt Col Rex Thompson, Nov 6, 1944.

Adjutants General
Maj Ralph R. Carlin, Jun 13, 1944; Maj Francis E. Carr, Jul 2, 1944; Lt Col Francis E. Carr, Oct 19, 1944.

Commanding CCA
Col Dwight A. Rosenbaum, Jun 13, 1944; Col William S. Triplet, Jan 11, 1945; Col Andrew J. Adams, Mar 27, 1945; Col William S. Triplet, Apr 6, 1945.

Commanding CCB
Brig Gen John B. Thompson, Jun 13, 1944; Brig Gen John M. Devine, Sept 11, 1944; Brig Gen Robert W. Hasbrouck, Sept 22, 1944; Col Bruce C. Clarke, Nov 1, 1944; Brig Gen Bruce C. Clarke, Nov 10, 1944; Col Joseph F. Haskell, Feb 9, 1945.

Commanding CCR
Lt Col James W. Newberry, Jun 13, 1944; Col George H. Molony, Sept 4, 1944; Col Andrew J. Adams, Sept 11, 1944; Col Pete T. Heffner Jr, Sept 15, 1944; Lt Col William Fuller (Actg), Sept 20, 1944; Col John L. Ryan Jr, Sept 22, 1944; Lt Col Fred M. Warren (Actg), Dec 17, 1944; Col Francis P. Thompkins, Dec 28, 1944.

Awards
Distinguished Service Cross, 4; Legion of Merit, 16; Silver Star, 582; Soldiers Medal, 6; Bronze Star, 2907; Air Medal, 95. POW’s taken, 113.041.

Order of Battle – 1944-1945
Hqs & Hqs Company
Combat Command R
Combat Command A
Combat Command B
17th Tank Battalion
31st Tank Battalion
40th Tank Battalion
23rd Armored Infantry Battalion
38th Armored Infantry Battalion
48th Armored Infantry Battalion
87th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mecz)
33rd Armored Engineer Battalion
147th Armored Signal Company
7th Armored Division Artillery
434th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
440th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
489th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
7th Armored Division Trains
129th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
77th Armored Medical Battalion
Military Police Platoon
Band

7-AD Attachments

Antiaircraft Artillery
203d AAA-AW Battalion (SP), 12 Aug 1944 – 9 May 1945

Armored
4th Armored Brigade (UK) (7-AD UK), 30 Oct 1944 – 31 Oct 1944
CCB (9-AD), 22 Dec 1944 – 7 Jan 1945

Cavalry
14th Cavalry Group, 18 Dec 1944 – 1 Jan 1945

Engineer
300th Engineer Combat Battalion, 25 Mar 1945 – 17 April 1945
D/307th Airborne Engr Bn (82-A/B), 21 Jan 1945 – 23 Jan 1945

Field Artillery
774th Field Artillery Battalion (4.5″ Gun), 29 Sep 1944 – 9 Nov 1944
275th Armored FA Battalion, 18 Dec 1944 – 20 Feb 1945
591st Field Artillery Battalion (106-ID)(105 How), 25 Dec 30 Dec 44
987th Field Artillery Battalion (155 Gun), 18 Jan 29 Jan 45
26th Field Artillery Battalion (9-ID) (105 How), 7 Mar 8 Mar 45
400th Armored FA Battalion, 25 Mar 1945 – 17 Apr 1945
809th Field Artillery Battalion, (155 How) – 7 Apr 17 Apr 45

Infantry
2nd Combat Team (5-ID), 10 Sep 1944 – 15 Sep 1944
Belgian 1st Brigade, 8 Oct 1944 – 31 Oct 1944
158th Brigade (UK)(53-ID UK), 30 Oct 1944 – 31 Oct 1944
424th Combat Team (106-ID), 25 Dec 1944 – 30 Dec 1944
517th PIB CT (Non-Div), 28 Dec 1944 – 29 Dec 1944
2/517th PIB (Non-Div), 11 Jan 1945 – 27 Jan 1945
509th PIB, 11 Jan 1945 – 28 Jan 1945
508th PIR CT (Non-Div), 21 Jan 1945 – 23 Jan 1945
319th Glider FA Battalion (82-A/B), 21 Jan 1945 – 23 Jan 1945
B/80th Airborne AA Bn (82-A/B), 21 Jan 1945 – 23 Jan 1945
424th RCT (106-ID), 23 Jan 1945 – 28 Jan 1945
60th RCT (less 1st Bn) (9-ID), 8 Mar 1945 – 9 Mar 1945
39th Infantry Regiment (9-ID), 8 Mar 1945 – 19 Mar 1945
3/395th Infantry Regiment (99-ID), 4 Apr 1945 – 14 Apr 1945
1/11th Infantry Regiment (5-ID), 15 Apr 1945 – 17 Apr 1945

Tank Destroyer
814th TD Bn (SP), 13 Aug 1944 – 9 May 45
820th TD Bn (SP), 25 Dec 1944 – 30 Dec 1944

7-AD Attachements

Armored
17th Tank Battalion to 90-ID, 9 Sep 1944 – 14 Sep 1944
CCB to 5-AD, 10 Sep 1944 – 15 Sep 1944
40th Tank Battalion to TF Biddle, 17 Nov 1944 – 21 Nov 1944
17th Tank Battalion to 84-ID, 22 Nov 1944 – 27 Nov 1944
40th Tank Battalion to 2-AD, 23 Nov 1944 – 27 Nov 1944
40th Tank Battalion to 102-ID, 27 Nov 1944 – 28 Nov 1944
40th Tank Battalion (- Cos B & D) to 84-ID, 28 Nov 1 Dec 44
17th Tank Battalion to 102-ID, 1 Dec 1944 – 3 Dec 1944
B/40th Tank Battalion to 84-ID, 3 Dec 1944 – 6 Dec 1944
17th Tank Battalion to 84-ID, 9 Dec 1944 – 16 Dec 1944
CCR to 78-ID – 3 Feb 1945, 10 Feb 1945
CCA to 9-ID – 7 Mar 1945, 8 Mar 1945
CCR to 9t-ID – 8 Mar 1945, 8 Mar 1945
CCA to 104-ID – 2 Apr 1945, 4 Apr 1945
CCA to 9-ID – 4 Apr 1945, 6 Apr 1945
B/17th Tank Battalion to 9-ID, 6 Apr 1945 – 8 Apr 1945
B/17th Tank Battalion to 5-ID, 8 Apr 1945 – 10 Apr 1945
CCB to 82-A/B, 1 May 1945 – 4 May 1945

Infantry
C/38th AIB to 84-ID, 3 Dec 1944 – 6 Dec 1944
48th AIB to 102-ID, 5 Dec 1944 – 9 Dec 1944
23rd AIB to 78-ID, 3 Feb 1945 – 10 Feb 1945

Field Artillery
434th AFAB to TF Biddle, 17 Nov 1944 – 21 Nov 1944
440th AFAB to TF Biddle, 17 Nov 1944 – 21 Nov 1944
489th AFAB to TF Biddle, 17 Nov 1944 – 21 Nov 1944

7-AD Command Posts
1944
Jun 13, Greenock, Renfrew, Scotland
Jun 14, Tidworth, Wiltshire, England
Aug 7, Southampton, Hampshire, England
Aug 9, Omaha Beach, Calvados, France
Aug 10, Lessay, Manche, France
Aug 11, Louvienne, Manche, France
Aug 13, Sainte-Suzanne (vic E), Manche, France
Aug 14, La Ferté Bernard, Sarthe, France
Aug 15, Courville-sur-Eure, Eure-et-Loire, France
Aug 19, Dreux, Eure-et-Loire, France
Aug 21, Sainte-Mesme, Seine-et-Oise, France
Aug 22, Marchais-Parfond, Seine-et-Oise, France
Aug 22, Saint-Sauveur, Oise, France
Aug 23, Courances, Seine-et-Oise, France
Aug 25, Saint-Leu, Seine-et Oise, France
Aug 26, Melun, Seine-et-Marne, France
Aug 26, Maincy, Seine-et-Marne, France
Aug 27, Leudon-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, France
Aug 28, Conde-en-Brie, Aisne, France
Aug 29, Fismes, Marne, France
Aug 29, Orainville, Aisne, France
Aug 30, Thuisy, Marne, France
Aug 31, Fort St-Regret (S of Verdun), Meuse, France
Sept 6, Pintheville, Meuse, France
Sept 7, Mars-la-Tour (vic E), Meurthe-et-Moselle, France
Sept 10, Doncourt, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France
Sept 14, Sponville, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France
Sept 16, Wayville, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France
Sept 25, Sponville, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France
Sept 26, Eysden, Belgium
Sept 29, Deurne, Belgium
Sept 30, Sint Anthonis, Belgium
Oct 8, Vaarsel, Limburg, Netherlands
Oct 25, Someron, Limburg, Netherlands
Oct 30, Maarheeze, Limburg, Netherlands
Nov 8, Sint Geertruid, Limburg, Netherlands
Nov 25, Robroek, Limburg, Netherlands
Dec 2, Rimburg, Rhineland, Germany
Dec 17, Vielsalm, Belgium
Dec 23, Oufny, Belgium
Dec 25, Saint Antoine, Belgium
Dec 27, Saint Roch, Belgium

1945
Jan 12, Spa, Belgium
Jan 14, Xhoffraix, Belgium
Jan 19, Waimes, Belgium
Jan 24, Waimes (Kloster), Belgium
Jan 28, Eupen, Belgium
Mar 1, Simmerath, Rhineland, Germany
Mar 7, Embken, Rhineland, Germany
Mar 9, Villip, Rhineland, Germany
Mar 24, Linz, Rhineland, Germany
Mar 25, Kurtscheid, Rhineland, Germany
Mar 26, Kurtenachner, Rhineland, Germany
Mar 26, Seltrs, Rhineland, Germany
Mar 27, Holzhausen, Nassau, Germany
Mar 28, Hohensolms, Nassau, Germany
Mar 29, Hachborn, Kurhessen, Germany
Mar 30, Frankenau, Hessen-Nassau, Germany
Apr 4, Bromskirchen, Hessen-Nassau, Germany
Apr 5, Neuastenberg, Hessen-Nassau, Germany
Apr 7, Oberkirchen, Westphalia, Germany
Apr 10, Wormbach (Tac Hq), Westphalia, Germany
Apr 10, Nieder Berndorf, Westphalia, Germany
Apr 11, Eslohe, Westphalia, Germany
Apr 12, Westenfeld (Tac), Westphalia, Germany
Apr 13, Langenholthausen (Tac), Westphalia, Germany
Apr 14, Mellen (Tac), Westphalia, Germany
Apr 15, Menden (Tac), Westphalia, Germany
Apr 17, Junde, Westphalia, Germany
Apr 29, Schelploh, Hannover, Germany
May 2, Wellahn, Mecklenburg, Germany
May 3, Klutz (Schloss Buthmer), Mecklenburg, Germany
May 6, Grevesmuhlen, Mecklenburg, Germany

Combat Narrative

The 7-AD landed in Normandy, France, on Aug 11, 1944, drove through Nogent-le-Rotrou and fought the Battle of Chartres on Aug 15/17. The division attacked toward the Seine River during the month of August and gained a bridgehead across it at Melun on Aug 24. It then drove rapidly to the Marne River which it crossed at Château-Thierry on Aug 27, as CCA established a bridgehead across the Meuse River at Verdun on Aug 31. The division was halted short of Sedan as fuel was exhausted on Sept 2 but it attacked again Sept 6 to force the Moselle River which it reached the following day at Mondelange after heavy combat.
The 7-AD contained the German Metz bridgehead, crossing elements over the Moselle under heavy fire on Sept 8 which had to be withdrawn Sept 10/11. CCA battled the German lines west of Metz in fierce fighting while CCB crossed into the Arnaville Bridgehead Sept 12 despite deep mud. It attacked the following day toward Mardigny but was quickly halted by heavy fire from Arry. CCR next attempted a breakout of the combined 5-ID – 90-ID plus the 7-AD bridgehead but failed. CCB and CCR advanced slowly toward the Seille River and the latter managed to gel into Sillegny on Sep 19 but was forced out with very heavy losses.

CCA joined with CCB to reach the Seille and bypass Sillegny, but CCB was forced back from the river on Sept 20. An attack across the river the next day was repulsed by intense fire. The division withdrew from Corny and Pournoy-la-Chétive Sept 24 and was relieved the next day by the 5-ID. The division then went to Holland and attacked from Oploo, Sept 30 against heavy opposition to clear a corridor west of the Maas. CCB took Vortum on Oct 2 and the division fought the Battle of Peel Marshes and Overloon Oct 2/6 before breaking off the attack. The 7-AD established a bridgehead across the Deurne Canal on Oct 16 as it defended along both this canal and the Canal du Nord. German attacks penetrated the division lines west of Venlo on Oct 27 and the division lost Liesel and gave ground south of Austen on Oct 29. It was then relieved in the sector and concentrated in the vicinity of Nederweert and Weert. CCA made a limited attack to clear German forces around the Meijel area in the Canal du Nord area Nov 2/5 but this action was soon broken off.

The division was preparing to drive from Linnich, Germany, on the Roer River when elements were committed to the defense of St-Vith on Dec 16. German attacks forced a withdrawal there on Dec 21, and Manhay was lost on Dec 24, the latter being retaken on Dec 27. The division’s zone was taken over by the 75-ID on Dec 29 and attacked through mines and deep snow toward St-Vith on Jan 20, 1945. It captured Born in house-to-house fighting the next day. CCA cleared Hunningen on Jan 22, and then CCB attacked through CCA to clear St-Vith itself Jan 23.
As CCB consolidated near St-Vith, CCA seized Wallerode on Jan 25. The offensive was concluded as CCB reduced the St Vith Woods Jan 27/28. CCR look Strauch and Steckenborn on Feb 5 and the division took over the defense of the Hechelscheid sector on Feb 6 as CCR mopped up toward Schmidt. The division then spent the remainder of Feb in rehabilitation.

On Mar 7, the division assembled near Zülpich and then started clearing the zone west of the Rhine River between Bonn and Remagen. It placed cable across the Rhine on Mar 14. It assembled then across the Rhine’s eastern side Mar 25 and attacked the next day, advancing to reach the Dill River between Herborn and Wetzlar on Mar 27. The following day the division secured crossings between Marburg and Giessen over the Lahn River. It captured the Edersee Dam intact and secured crossings over the Eder River on Mar 30. CCA attacked and took Niedersfeld Apr 4 and began the reduction of the Ruhr Pocket against heavy opposition, CCB being heavily counter-attacked at Gleidorf on Apr 7. Frederburg fell after heavy combat on Apr 8 and by the 16, resistance in the Ruhr Pocket collapsed. The division assembled at Gottingen on Apr 18 and on Apr 30, began the drive from the Elbe to the Baltic which was unopposed and the latter reached west of Kluetz on May 3. There the division made contact with advancing Soviet Army forces and was in that region when hostilities ended on May 7, 1945.

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