6th Armored Division – WW-2

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The 6th Armored Division was activated on Feb 15, 1942, at Fort Knox, Kentucky and was moved to Camp Chaffee, Arkansas on Mar 15 to participate, on Aug 25, to the VIII Corps Louisiana Maneuvers. After this staging, the 6-AD returned to Camp Chaffee on Sept 21 and moved to Camp Young, California, on Oct 10 to the Desert Training Center to participate in the #1 California Maneuvers.

On Mar 20, 1943, the Division arrived at Camp Cooke, California, then moved and staged at Camp Shanks, New York, until Feb 3, 1944, and it’s departure from the New York POE on Feb 11. The 6-AD arrived in England on Feb 23 and landed in France, on Utah Beach, on Jul 19. The division crossed into Luxembourg on Dec 29, into Belgium on Dec 30, and returned to France on Mar 12, 1945. The division entered finally Germany on Mar 20, 1945, staged in Germany, and returned to New York POE on Sept 18, 1945. It was inactivated at the same date at Camp Shanks New York.

Casualties

Killed in Action, 1169; Wounded in Action, 4198; Missing in Action, 152; Captured, 7; Battle Casualties, 5526; Non-Battle Casualties, 7290.

Total Casualties : 12.816

Commanding Generals
Maj Gen William H. H. Morris Jr, Feb 1942 – May 1943; Maj Gen Robert W. Grow, May 1943 – Jul 1945; Brig Gen George W. Read Jr, Jul 1945

Assistant Division Commander
Brig Gen George W. Read Jr, 24 Feb 1945

Division Artillery Commanders
Col Lowell M. Riley, 22 Feb 1944; Lt Col William R. Jesse, 16 Jul 1944; Col Lowell M. Riley, 14 Sep 1944

Chief of Staff
Col Glen C. McBride, 22 Feb 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-1
Lt Col James S. Moncrief Jr, 22 Feb 1944

>Assistant Chiefs of Staff – G-2
Maj Ernest W. Mitchell Jr, 22 Feb 1944; Lt Col Ernest W. Mitchell Jr, 1 May 1945

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-3
Lt Col Michael J. Galvin, 22 Feb 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-4
Lt Col James C. Boggs, 22 Feb 1944

Assistant Chiefs of Staff – G-5
Maj Walter C. Bowman, 12 May 1944; Capt Royce S. Weisenberger, 27 Jul 1944; Maj Royce S. Weisenberger, 1 Nov 1944

Adjutants General
Maj George W. Moore Jr, 22 Feb 1944; Lt Col George W. Moore Jr, 1 May 1944

CCA Commanders
Brig Gen James Taylor, 22 Feb 1944; Col Harry F. Hanson, 30 Aug 1944; Col John L. Hines Jr, 8 Nov 1944; Col Albert E. Harris, 25 Mar 1945

CCB Commanders
Col George W. Read Jr, 22 Feb 1944; Col Harry F. Manson, 24 Feb 1945; Lt Col Embry D. Lagrew, 18 Apr 1945

CCR Commanders
Col Harry F. Hanson, 22 Feb 1944; Lt Col Albert E. Harris, 30 Aug 1944; Col Albert E. Harris, 27 Jan 1945; Lt Col Embry D. Lagrew, 25 Mar 1945; Lt Col Ralph H. McKee, 18 Apr 1945

Order of Battle 1944-1945
Hqs & Hqs Company
15th Tank Battalion
68th Tank Battalion
69th Tank Battalion
9th Armored Infantry Battalion
44th Armored Infantry Battalion
50th Armored Infantry Battalion
86th Cavalry Rcn Sq (Mecz)
25th Armored Engineer Battalion
146th Armored Signal Co
6th Armored Division Artillery
128th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
212th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
231st Armored Field Artillery Battalion
6th Armored Division Trains
128th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
76th Armored Medical Battalion
Military Police Platoon
Band

6-AD – Attachements

Antiaircraft Artillery
777th AAA AW Bn (SP), 22 Jul 44 – 29 Jun 45

Armored
737th Tk Bn, 22 Nov 44 – 3 Dec 44
11th Armd Gp, 19 Apr 45 – 9 May 45

Cavalry
6th Cav Gp, 21 Dec 44 – 24 Dec 44
6th Cav Rcn Sq, 21 Dec 44 – 24 Dec 44
Tr E 28th Cav Rcn Sq, 21 Dec 44 – 24 Dec 44
5th Ranger Inf Bn, 21 Dec 44 – 24 Dec 44
Co B 295th Engr C Bn, 21 Dec 44 – 24 Dec 44
Co C 602d TD Bn (SP), 21 Dec 44 – 24 Dec 44
41st Cav Rcn Sq (11-AD), 11 Feb 45 – 21 Feb 45

Chemical
A Co, 86th Cml Mort Bn, 6 Oct 44 – 10 Oct 44
B Co, 3d Cml Mort Bn, 6 Jan 45 – 26 Jan 45
C Co, 3d Cml Mort Bn, 26 Jan 45 – 4 Feb 45
161st Cml SG Co, 9 Feb 45 – 24 Feb 45
C Co, 81st Cml Mort Bn, 30 Mar 45 – 4 Apr 45

Engineer
284th Engr C Bn, 9 Feb 45 – 15 Feb 45
184th Engr C Bn, 9 Feb 45 – 15 Feb 45
1252d Engr C Bn, 9 Feb 45 – 24 Feb 45

Field Artillery
Btry C 965-FAB (155-MM How), 29 Jul 44 – 31 Jul 44
83-AFAB, 31 Jul 44 – 21 Aug 44
174-AFAB, 31 Jul 44 – 21 Aug 44
969-FAB (155-MM How), 15 Aug 44 – 19 Aug 44
45-FAB (8-ID) (105-MM How), 18 Aug 44 – 21 Aug 44
28-FAB (8-ID) (155-MM How), 18 Aug 44 – 21 Aug 44
161-FAB (35-ID) (105-MM How), 22 Nov 44 – 30 Nov 44
696-FAB, 16 Dec 44 – 23 Dec 44
193-FAG, 29 Dec 44 – 27 Jan 45
177-FAB (155-MM How), 29 Dec 44 – 27 Jan 45
253-AFAB, 29 Dec 44 – 27 Jan 45
696-AFAB, 29 Dec 44 – 27 Jan 45
776-FAB (155-MM How), 29 Dec 44 – 27 Jan 45
216-FAB (35-ID) (105-MM How), 13 Jan 45 – 18 Jan 45
161-FAB (35-ID) (105-MM How), 20 Jan 45 – 1 Feb 45
208-FAG, 19 Mar 45 – 23 Mar 45
991-FAB (155-MM Gun), 19 Mar 45 – 23 Mar 45
995-FAB (8″ Inch How), 19 Mar 45 – 23 Mar 45
869-FAB (65-ID) (105-MM How), 30 Mar 45 – 4 Apr 45
191-FAB (155-MM How), 18 Apr 45 – 27 Apr 45

Infantry
1/28-IR (8-ID), 8 Aug 44 – 18 Aug 44
28-IR (8-ID), 18 Aug 44 – 21 Aug 44
1/134-IR (35-ID), 23 Sep 44 – 26 Sep 44
134-IR (35-ID), 22 Nov 44 – 27 Nov 44
5-RIB (Ranger), 24 Dec 44 – 25 Dec 44
320-IR (less 1st Bn) (35-ID), 10 Jan 45 – 18 Jan 45
1/134-IR (35-ID), 15 Jan 45 – 1 Feb 45
134-IR (less 1st Bn) (35-ID), 18 Jan 45 – 1 Feb 45
318-IR (80-ID), 30 Mar 45 – 1 Apr 45
261-RCT (65-ID), 30 Mar 45 – 4 Apr 45
65-CRS (65-ID), 30 Mar 45 – 4 Apr 45
1st Plat, C Co, 265-ECB (65-ID), 30 Mar 45 – 4 Apr 45
D Btry, 546-AAA-AW-B (Mbl), 30 Mar 45 – 4 Apr 45
3/304-IR (76-ID), 7 Apr 45 – 8 Apr 45

Tank Destroyer
603-TDB (SP), 29 Jun 45
691-TDB (T), 15 Dec 44 – 23 Dec 44
A-691-TDB (T), 30 Mar 45 – 4 Apr 45

6-AD Attachements

Armored
CCA to VIII Corps, 18 Aug 44 – 21 Aug 44
A-68-TB to VIII Corps, 18 Aug 44 – 21 Aug 44
50-AIB to VIII Corps, 18 Aug 44 – 21 Aug 44
A & E 86-CRS to VIII Corps, 18 Aug 44 – 21 Aug 44
B-25-AEB to VIII Corps, 18 Aug 44 – 21 Aug 44
CCB to XII Corps, 17 Sep 44 – 20 Sep 44
69-TB to XII Corps, 17 Sep 44 – 20 Sep 44
44-AIB to XII Corps, 17 Sep 44 – 20 Sep 44
B-86-CRS to XII Corps, 17 Sep 44 – 20 Sep 44
C-25-AEB to XII Corps, 17 Sep 44 – 20 Sep 44
CCB to 35-ID, 21 Sep 44 – 23 Sep 44
69-TB to 35-ID, 21 Sep 44 – 23 Sep 44
44-AIB to 35-ID, 21 Sep 44 – 23 Sep 44
B-86-CRS to 35-ID, 21 Sep 44 – 23 Sep 44
C-25-AEB to 35-ID, 21 Sep 44 – 23 Sep 44
CCR to XX Corps, 23 Sep 44 – 29 Sep 44
68-TB to (-) XX Corps, 23 Sep 44 – 29 Sep 44
9-AIB to XX Corps, 23 Sep 44 – 29 Sep 44
C-15-TB to 17-A/B, 31 Jan 45 – 7 Feb 45
CCA to 63-ID, 19 Mar 45 – 20 Mar 45
15-TB to 63-ID, 19 Mar 45 – 20 Mar 45
9-AIB to 63-ID, 19 Mar 45 – 20 Mar 45
A-86-CRS to 63-ID, 19 Mar 45 – 20 Mar 45
B 25-AEB – 63-ID, 19 Mar 45 – 20 Mar 45
Task Force LaGrew to 76-ID, 8 Apr 45 – 9 Apr 45

Cavalry
A & E 86-CRS to 29-ID, 21 Aug 44 – 10 Sep 44
F 86-CRS to 94-ID, 16 Sep 44 – 14 Oct 44

Field Artillery
212-AFAB to XII Corps, 17 Sep 44 – 20 Sep 44
212-AFAB to 35-ID, 21 Sep 44 – 23 Sep 44
128-AFAB to XX Corps, 23 Sep 44 – 29 Sep 44
6-AD Arty to 3-ID, 14 Mar 45 – 18 Mar 45

Infantry
50-RCT to VIII Corps – 21 Aug 44 – 10 Sep 44
A-68-TB to VIII Corps – 21 Aug 44 – 10 Sep 44
50-AIB to VIII Corps – 21 Aug 44 – 10 Sep 44

Combat Narrative
The 6th Armored Division landed across Utah Beach, France, on Jul 19, 1944, and assembled at Le Mesnil 6 days later. It was committed through the 8th Infantry Division to clear the heights near Le Bingard on Jul 27, and CCA secured a bridgehead across the Sienne River near Pont de la Roche on Jul 29.

On Jul 31, CCR overran Granville and the division moved to Avranches where it relieved the 4th Armored Division and secured the area bridges. The division swung into Brittany on Aug 1, and closed on Brest Aug 7, while destroying a German force at Plouvien Aug 8/9.While CCA invested Brest, CCB and CCR relieved the 4th Armored Division at Vannes and Lorient, respectively on Sept 12/15 the 6-AD moved to relieve the 35th Infantry Division of protecting the south flank between Orléans and Auxerre on Sept 2. CCA was relieved in the Lorient sector by the 94th Infantry Division on Sept 13, and CCB relieved the 4th Armored Division at Lunéville, Sept 19. The 6-AD attacked on Oct 8, crossed the Seille River on Nov 9 and mopped up the Nomeny area despite mud, mines, and congestion. The division established bridgeheads across the Nied River against strong opposition on Nov 11, at Sanry, and CCA cleared Arraincourt on Nov 13.

The division reached the Maderbach Creek at Remering with CCB by Nov 25 after fierce fighting through mud, mines, and craters. CCA pushed through the Foret de Puttange but fell back on Nov 26 and CCB was unable to get tanks through the mud along Maderbach. The division was relieved in this area on Dec 2, and patrolled to the Saare River on Dec 5, taking Sarreguemines with the 35-ID the next day. It then maintained defensive positions near Saarbrucken.

In response to the German Ardennes counter-offensive in Belgium, the division was given responsibility for the sector south of the Sauer River between Ettelbruck and Mostroff on Dec 27. It Was then heavily engaged in the Mageret Wardin area east of Bastogne commencing Dec 31, being forced to withdraw by German attacks until Jan 8, 1945, when it counter attacked to recover lost ground in its sector.
On Jan 10, the 4th Armored Division attacked through its lines, and the next day the division took over the attack toward Bras. CCA captured Wardin on Jan 12 and CCB cleared Mageret on Jan 13/14. The 6-AD fought house-to-house in Oubourcy on Jan 15 and seized Moinet and Hill 510 on Jan 20. Weiler fell on Jan 22 and Kalborn fell, after an unsuccessful previous attack, on Jan 29. The division then took over a new zone west of the Our River on Feb 4, and assembled at Kalborn on Feb 6. The 6-AD attacked across the Our River at Kalborn and Dahnen on the Feb 7 and by Feb 9, armor was crossed over the Bailey Bridge there.
It relieved the 17-Abn on Feb 10/11 as CCB maintained the Our Bridgehead, and then renewed the offensive into the West Wall on Feb 20. The penetration of the West Wall was marked as Ober Eisenach fell on Feb 22, and the final objective town of Muxerath was cleared on Feb 24. The division moved then to a new zone west of the Prüm River and relieved the 90-ID on Feb 25. CCA established a small bridgehead at Manderscheid which was enlarged as CCB, after being initially forced back across, took Lunebach on the 28. The 6-AD reached the Nims River and crossed near Schoenecken on Mar 3. The following day it assembled in reserve in the Arzfeld area. The division attacked on Mar 20 at Homburg and CCA reached the Rhine River at Rhein – Durkheim the next day. The division crossed the Rhine River at Oppenheim on Mar 25 and CCA reached the Main River, coming under heavy antiaircraft fire from Frankfurt. The division established bridgeheads across the Main and was relieved on Mar 27, attacking north of Frankfurt on Mar 30. By Apr 2, it completed crossing the Fulda River at Malsfeld and encircled Mulhausen 2 days later. After, Langensalza fell on Apr 16, the division consolidated and then renewed its offensive on Apr 11 as it crossed the Saale River southwest of Naumberg. It reached the Zwick Mulde at Rochlitz on Apr 14 and on Apr 16, turned over its bridgehead there to the 76-ID. The division maintained defensive positions along this river until hostilities ceased on May 7 1945.

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