5th Armored Division – WW-2

0
11820

The 5th Armored Division was activated at Fort Knox, Kentucky, on Oct 1, 1941, and was moved to Camp Cooke, California, on Feb 16, 1942. On Aug 14, the division participated in the Desert Training Center Armored Corps California Maneuvers and returned to Camp Cooke on Nov 19. On Mar 17, the division moved to Camp Forrest, Tennessee, for the 2nd Army #1 Tennessee Maneuvers. (The Tennessee Maneuver Area was a training area in Middle Tennessee, comprising the following Counties: Bedford, Cannon, Clay, Coffee, Davidson, DeKalb, Franklin, Jackson, Lincoln, Macon, Moore, Putnam, Rutherford, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, Warren, White, Williamson, and Wilson. The area was selected because the terrain resembled France, Belgium, and Germany). The 5-AD moved then to the Indian Town Gap Mil Res, Pennsylvania, on Dec 8, 1943; staged at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, Feb 1944 until it departed the New York POE on Feb 11, and arrived in England on Feb 24. The 5-AD landed in France on Jul 25, 1944, crossed into Luxembourg on Sept 2 and into Belgium on Oct 5. The Division finally entered Germany on Dec 1, returned to Belgium on Dec 24, to Holland on Feb 5, 1945, and re-entered Germany on Feb 25. Sent back to the USA, the 5-AD landed in New York on Oct 10, 1945, and was inactivated at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, on Oct 11, 1945.

Casualties
Killed in Action, 547; Wounded in Action, 2768; Missing in Action, 177; Captured, 62; Battle Casualties, 3554; Non-Battle Casualties, 3592.

Total Casualties, 7146

Commanding Generals
Maj Gen Jack W. Heard, Oct 1941 – Mar 1943; Maj Gen Lunsford E. Oliver, Mar 1943 – Jul 1945; Brig Gen Morrill Ross, Jul 1945 – Sep 1945; Maj Gen Holmes E. Dager, Sep 1945. Artillery
Col Roy L. Dalferes, 23 Feb 1944; Col Douglas J. Page, 18 Apr 1944

Chief of Staff
Col Edward G. Farrand, 23 Feb 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-1
Lt Col Francis W. Marks, 23 Feb 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-2
Lt Col L. P. MacFarland, 23 Feb 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-3
Lt Col F. B. Butler Jr, 23 Feb 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-4
Lt Col H. R. Entrekin, 23 Feb 1944

Assistant Chiefs of Staff – G-5
Maj John W. Sampier, 18 May 1944; Maj Alfred E. Baldrige, 20 Feb 1944

Adjutants General
Maj Charles C. De Vault, 23 Feb 1944; Lt Col Charles C. De Vault, 1 Jul 1944

Commanding General – CCA
Brig Gen Eugene A. Regnier, 23 Feb 1944

Commanding General – CCB
Col John T. Cole, 23 Feb 1944

Commanding General – CCR
Col Glen H. Anderson, 23 Feb 1944

Order of Battle – 1944-1945
Hqs & Hqs Company
Reserve Command
Combat Command A
Combat Command B
10th Tank Battalion
34th Tank Battalion
81st Tank Battalion
15th Armored Infantry Battalion
46th Armored Infantry Battalion
47th Armored Infantry Battalion
85th Cavalry Rcn Sq (Mecz)
22d Armored Engineer Battalion
145th Armored Signal Co
5th Armored Division Artillery
47th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
71st Armored Field Artillery Battalion
95th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
5th Armored Division Trains
127th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
75th Armored Medical Battalion
Military Police Platoon
Band

5-AD – Attachments

Antiaircraft Artillery
387th AAA AW Bn (SP), 1 Aug 44 – 25 Mar 45
387th AAA AW Bn (SP), 28 Mar 45 – 9 May 45

Armored
Sq C, UK 1st Lothians & Border Yeo (79th Armd Div), 25 Feb 45 – 4 Mar 45

Cavalry
4th Cav Gp, 1 Dec 44 – 2 Dec 44
4th Cav Gp, 11 Dec 44 – 22 Dec 44

Engineer
996th Engr Treadway Br Co (-1 plat), 31 Aug 44 – 1 Sep 44
254th Engr Cbt Bn, 15 Sep 44 – 22 Sep 44
989th Engr Treadway Br Co, 25 Feb 45 – 7 Mar 45
989th Engr Treadway Br Co, 7 Apr 45 – 7 Apr 45

Field Artillery
400-AFAB, 2 Aug 44 – 4 Aug 44
400-AFAB, 5 Aug 44 – 2 Oct 44
208-FAB (155-MM Gun), 17 Aug 44 – 24 Aug 44
975-FAB (155-MM How), 20 Aug 44 – 25 Aug 44
987-FAB (155-MM Gun), 26 Aug 44 – 8 Oct 44
196-FAB (105-MM How), 31 Aug 44 – 7 Sep 44
187-FAB (155-MM How), 11 Sep 44 – 22 Sep 44
HQ 187-FA Group, 11 Sep 44 – 22 Sep 44
953-FAB (155-MM How), 21 Sep 44 – 22 Sep 44
400-AFAB, 23 Oct 44 – 29 Nov 44
987-FAB (155-MM Gun), 28 Oct 44 – 9 Nov 44
987-FAB (155-MM Gun), 20 Nov 44 – 5 Dec 44
400-AFAB, 8 Dec 44 – 18 Dec 44
695-AFAB, 6 Feb 45 – 9 Mar 45
557-FAB (155-MM Gun), 26 Feb 45 – 9 Mar 45
557-FAB (155-MM Gun), 30 Mar 45 – 25 Apr 45
252-FAB (105-MM How), 22 Apr 45 – 23 Apr 45

Infantry
112-RCT (28-ID), 11 Sep 44 – 26 Sep 44
2/110-IR (28-ID), 15 Oct 44 – 26 Oct 44
2d Ranger Bn, 3 Nov 44 – 14 Nov 44
2/330-IR (83-ID), 15 Dec 44 – 22 Dec 44
3/121-IR (8-ID), 17 Dec 44 – 21 Dec 44
1/334-IR (84-ID), 13 Apr 45 – 16 Apr 45
1/406-IR (102-ID), 13 Apr 45 – 16 Apr 45
407-RCT (-3d Bn) (102-ID), 17 Apr 45 – 18 Apr 45
1/335-IR (84-ID), 17 Apr 45 – 18 Apr 45

Tank Destroyer
628-TDB (SP), 2 Aug 44 – 19 Dec 44
629-TDB (SP), 29 Aug 44 – 14 Dec 44
628-TDB (SP), 28 Jan 45 – 9 May 45
771-TDB (SP), 17 Apr 45 – 24 Apr 45

5-AD Detachements to

Armored
CCA to 4-ID, 1 Sep 44 – 3 Sep 44
CCA to 1-A, 14 Oct 44 – 26 Oct 44
CCB to 1-A, 15 Oct 44 – 28 Oct 44
CCR to VII Corps, 9 Nov 44 – 19 Nov 44
CCR to 8-ID, 19 Nov 44 – 16 Dec 44
CCA to 4-ID, 30 Nov 44 – 2 Dec 44
CCR to V Corps, 16 Dec 44 – 19 Dec 44
A/10-TB to 78-ID, 19 Dec 44 – 20 Dec 44
CCR to 78-ID, 19 Dec 44 – 21 Dec 44
A/10-TB to 9-ID, 20 Dec 44 – 25 Jan 45
CCR to V Corps, 21 Dec 44 – 24 Jan 45
CCA to 78-ID, 27 Jan 45 – 1 Feb 45
CCB to 102-ID, 6 Feb 45 – 24 Feb 45

Cavalry
85-CRS to 28-ID, 7 Sep 44 – 9 Sep 44
85-CRS to 102-Cav Gp, 23 Sep 44 – 26 Sep 44
85-CRS to 102-Cav Gp, 2 Oct 44 – 24 Oct 44

Field Artillery
5-AD Artillery to XIII Corps, 7 Mar 45 – 30 Mar 45

Infantry
A/47-AIB to 78-ID, 19 Dec 44 – 21 Dec 44

5-AD – Command Posts

1944
1 March 1944 – Chiseldon – Wiltshire – England
15 April 1944 – Ogbourne St-George – Wiltshire – England
23 July 1944 – Southampton – Hampshire – England
24 July 1944 – Utah Beach – Manche – France
25 July 1944 – St-Sauveur (vic) – Manche – France
2 August 1944 – Feuillie (vic) – Manche – France
3 August 1944 – Ganerie (vic) – Manche – France
4 August 1944 – La Bogerie (vic) – Manche – France
5 August 1944 – Fougeres (vic) – Ille-et-Vilaine – France
7 August 1944 – Houssay (vic) – Mayenne – France
9 August 1944 – Le Mans (vic) – Sarthe – France
10 August 1944 – Courcement – Sarthe – France
11 August 1944 – Sure (vic) – Orne – France
12 August 1944 – Sees (vic) – Orne – France
15 August 1944 – La Houdiere (vic) – Eure-et-Loir – France
16 August 1944 – Marville Moutier Brule (vic) – Eure-et-Loir – France
18 August 1944 – Les Boseus (vic) – Eure-et-Loir – France
19 August 1944 – Cravent (vic) – Seine-et-Oise – France
24 August 1944 – Champenard (vic) – Eure – France
25 August 1944 – Boinville (vic) – Seine-et-Oise – France
30 August 1944 – Pacy-sur-Eure (vic) – Eure – France
2 September 1944 – Noyon (vic) – Oise – France
3 September 1944 – Maing (vic) – Nord – France
4 September 1944 – Wasigny (vic) – Ardennes – France
5 September 1944 – Montigny-sur-Vence (vic) – Ardennes – France
6 September 1944 – Noyers (vic) – Ardennes – France
8 September 1944 – La Moncelle (vic) – Ardennes – France
10 September 1944 – Bascharage (vic) – Luxembourg
12 September 1944 – Fels (vic) – Luxembourg
18 September 1944 – Mastroff (vic) – Luxembourg
22 September 1944 – Fels (vic) – Luxembourg
5 October 1944 – Faymonville – Belgium
17 October 1944 – Bambusch – Belgium
4 November 1944 – Neudorf – Luxembourg
1 December 1944 – Hahn – Rhineland – Germany
8 December 1944 – Zweilfall – Rhineland – Germany
24 December 1944 – Eupen – Belgium

1945
28 January 1945 – Moresnet – Belgium
5 February 1945 – Hoensbroek – Limburg – Netherlands
26 February 1945 – Ubach Pallenberg – Rhineland – Germany
27 February 1945 – Hottorf – Rhineland – Germany
1 March 1945 – Rath – Rhineland – Germany
2 March 1945 – Hardt – Rhineland – Germany
4 March 1945 – Kempen – Rhineland – Germany
10 March 1945 – Neersen – Rhineland – Germany
31 March 1945 – Stockum – Westphalia – Germany
1 April 1945 – Nattuln (vic) – Westphalia – Germany
2 April 1945 – Everswinkel – Westphalia – Germany
3 April 1945 – Herford (vic) – Westphalia – Germany
7 April 1945 – Bad Oeynhausen – Westphalia – Germany
11 April 1945 – Lessien (vic) – Hannover – Germany
12 April 1945 – Brunau – Magdeburg – Germany
18 April 1945 – Neuemuhle (vic) – Magdeburg – Germany
21 April 1945 – Salzwedel (vic) – Magdeburg – Germany
25 April 1945 – Neuemuhle (vic) – Magdeburg – Germany

Combat Narrative

The 5-AD arrived across Utah Beach, France, on Jul 25, 1944, and concentrated between the Sée River and the Selune River to block the German movement toward Avranches on Aug 1. It drove south through Coutances, Avranches and Vitre to cross the Mayenne River and take Le Mans over on Aug 8. The next day the division swung north toward Alençon, and advanced to the edge of Argentan till Aug 12 which it then left to the 90th Infantry Division.
The Division advanced 60 miles to reach the Eure River at Dreux which fell Aug 16. Advancing with the 79-ID, the 5-AD reached the Seine River at Mantes-Gassicourt on Aug 18 and started slang the west bank toward Louviers the next day to cut off German retreat.

By Aug 22, it encountered strong opposition between the Seine and Eure Rivers but reached Houdebouville on Aug 24. The division moved through Paris on Aug 30 to spearhead the drive on Compiègne, and crossed the Oise River at Pont St-Maxence with CCB leading on Aug 31. It reached the Belgian border at Conde on Sept 2 and secured crossings over the Meuse River near Sedan 3 days later with the CCA at Bazeilles and the CCR at Mohon, taking Sedan the next day.

On Sept 10, the city of Luxembourg fell to the CCA and almost without opposition. The 85th Cav Recon Sq entered Germany with a dismounted patrol near Stalzenburg on Sept 11 and became the first Allied unit to enter the Reich from the west. CCR crossed the Sauer River into Germany on Sept 14 and cleared the town of Wallendorf, driving through the West Wall to the edge of Bettingen the next day. The division then held the Wallendorf salient against counter-attacks until Sept 20 and then moved to defensive lines in the Monschau and Hofen sector.

CCR reinforced the 4-ID in the Huertgen Forest on Nov 16 and advanced in heavy combat. It was halted on Nov 25 outside Grosshau by a large crater and mines, but by Nov 29 seized Kleinhau. The division took Brandenburg with air support on Dec 3 as CCR cleared a strong point at Vossenack on Dec 3-4. The division pushed into Bergstein the next day and by Dec 16, had reached the Roer River in the Bilstein area.

It resumed the attack toward the Roer on Dec 20 and CCA fought the Battle for Schneidhausen Dec 20-22, after which the division was relieved in the line by the 8-ID and the 83rd Infantry Division. It closed into Eupen on Dec 24 and was placed in reserve. CCA seized Eicherscheid in Jan 1945 and captured Colmar on Feb 2. CCR crossed the Roer River Feb 25 and assembled south of Hottorf, attacking through mud which bogged division’s CCB down outside Guenhoven on Feb 27.
CCA crossed the Niers Canal on Mar 1 and took both Anrath and Fischeln the next day. CCR mopped up the Orsay area, which included the Battle of Repelen, Mar 1-7, during which it reached the Rhine River on Mar 5. CCA and CCB meanwhile assembled at Kempen and remained in the Kempen Repelen area until Mar 11, when relieved by the 75-ID. The division then crossed the Rhine River at Wessel on Mar 30-31 and attacked, Apr 1, bypassed Muenster to reach the Weser River on Apr 3, where it was unable to secure the bridges intact at Minden and Rinteln. CCR crossed the Leine River south of Hannover on Apr 9 and captured a bridge over the Oker River in the Ahnsen area the next day.
The division reached the Elbe River on Apr 12 with CCR at Wittenberg and CCA in the Tangermuende area. There the division mopped up until relieved Apr 16 to clear the Forst Knesebeck. It attacked from the Daehre – Salzwedelline against strong opposition on Apr 21 and took then Dannenberg Apr 23. It was relieved along the Elbe River Apr 24 by the 29-ID, after which it performed security functions until hostilities ended on May 7, 1945.

100% US Veteran Owned Shop - Could Be Something For You! - Made in USA




LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here