The 3rd Division was activated in Nov 1917 during World War One at Camp Greene, North Carolina. Eight months later, it saw combat for the first time in France. At midnight, on Jul 14, 1918, the division earned the lasting distinction. Engaged in the Aisne-Marne Offensive as a member of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) to Europe, the division was protecting Paris with a position on the banks of the Marne River. The 7th Machine Gun Battalion of the 3rd Division rushed to Château-Thierry amid retreating French troops and held the Germans back at the Marne River. While surrounding units retreated, the 3rd Division, including the 4th, 30th, and the 38th Infantry Regiments, remained steadfast throughout the Second Battle of the Marne, and Col Ulysses G. McAlexander’s dogged defense earned the Division its nickname as the ‘Rock of the Marne’.

The rest of the division was absorbed under French command until brought back together under the command of Gen Joseph T. Dickman and by Jul 15, 1918, they took the brunt of what was to be the last German offensive of the war. General of the Armies John ‘Black Jack’ Pershing, who commanded the entire American Expeditionary Force, called this stand: one of the most brilliant pages in the annals of military history. During the war, two members of the division were awarded the Medal of Honor.

Stationed at Fort Lewis, Washington the 3rd Division moved to Fort Ord, California on Jan 22, 1940, and returned to Fort Lewis, on May 19, 1940. It moved again to Hunter-Liggett Military Reservation, California on May 25, 1941, for the IX Corps California Maneuvers and returned to Fort Lewis on Jul 1, 1941. The division participated in the Fourth Army Maneuvers from Aug 15 to Aug 30, 1941, was sent back to Fort Ord, on May 1, 1942, and was re-designated 3rd Infantry Division on Aug 1, 1942. Sent to Camp Pickett, Virginia on Sept 22, 1942, it staged at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia and, on Oct 27, departed Hampton Roads POE for the North African Theater.

3-ID WW2 Casualties

Killed in Action 2472, Wounded in Action 9489, Missing in Action 1070, Captured 70, Battle Casualties 13.101, Non-Battle Casualties 15.299.
Total Casualties: 28.400

Commanding Generals
MGen Charles F. Thompson, Jul 1940 – Aug 1941; BGen Charles P. Hall, Aug 1941 – Sep 1941; MGen John P. Lucas, Sept 1941 – Mar 1942; MGen Jonathan W. Anderson, Mar 1942 – Mar 1943; MGen Lucian K. Truscott, Jr., Mar 1943 – Feb 1944; MGen John W. O’Daniel, Feb 1944 – Dec 1944; BGen Robert N. Young (Acting), Dec 1944 – Jan 1945; MGen John W. O’Daniel, Jan 1945 – July 1945, and MGen William R. Schmidt, Jul 1945 – Aug 1946.

Assistant Division Commander
BGen Whitfield P. Shepard, Aug 15, 1944 – Aug 29, 1944; Vacant : Aug 30, 1944 – Oct 8, 1944; BGen Robert N. Young, Oct 9, 1944 – Dec 13, 1944; Col Lionel C. McGarr (Acting), Dec 13, 1944 – Jan 8, 1945 and BGen Robert N. Young, Jan 8, 1945; Maj Robert C. Shaw (Acting), Feb 16, 1945; Col Dick A. King, Apr 14, 1945.

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-5
Maj Donald E. Long, Aug 15, 1944; Col Donald E. Long, Dec 16, 1944.

Adjutant General
Capt Stephen J. Rogers, Aug 15, 1944; Maj Stephen J. Rogers, Sept 17, 1944; Col Stephen J. Rogers, Apr 1, 1945.

7th Infantry Regiment
Col Wiley H. O’Mohundro, Aug 15, 1944; Col Ben Harrell, Aug 23, 1944; LCol John A. Heintges, Dec 5, 1944; Col John A. Heintges, Mar 8, 1945.

15th Infantry Regiment
Col Richard G. Thomas, Aug 15, 1944; LCol Hallett D. Edson, Oct 1, 1944; Col Hallett D. Edson, Mar 8, 1945.

30th Infantry Regiment
Col Lionel G. McGarr, Aug 15, 1944; LCol Richard H. Nedderson, Dec 13, 1944; Col Lionel C. McGarr, Jan 8, 1945.

3-ID – Awards
Distinguished Service Cross, 71; Legion of Merit, 2; Silver Star Medal, 1438; Soldiers Medal, 21; Bronze Star Medal, 2385; Air Medal, 58.

OOB 3-ID 1944
7th Infantry Regiment
15th Infantry Regiment
30th Infantry Regiment
3rd Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)
10th Engineer Combat Battalion
3rd Medical Battalion
3rd Division Artillery
10th Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM Howitzer)
39th Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM Howitzer)
41st Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM Howitzer)
9th Field Artillery Battalion (155-MM Howitzer)
Special Troops
703d Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
3rd Quartermaster Company
3rd Signal Company
Military Police Platoon
Headquarters Company
Band

Attachments to the 3-ID
Antiaircraft Artillery
441-AAA-AW-B (SP) : 13 Jul 1944 – 29 Jun 1945
1 Plat, A Btry, 353-AAA-SL-B : 4-9 Feb 1945
B Btry, (-2d Plat), 353-AAA-SL-B : 27 Feb 1945 – 15 Mar 1945
2d Plat, B Btry, 353-AAA-SL-B : 15 Mar 1945 – 22 Apr 1945

Armored
756-TB : 13 Jul 1944 – 1 Jul 1945
CCB, (14-AD) : 8-10 Apr 1945
47-TB, (14-AD) : 8-10 Apr 1945
19-AIB, (14-AD) : 8-10 Apr 1945
499-AFAB, (14-AD) : 8-10 Apr 1945
B Troop, 94-CRS, (14-AD) : 8-10 Apr 1945
B Co, 125-AEB, (14-AD) : 8-10 Apr 1945
B Co, 636-TDB (SP) : 8-10 Apr 1945

Cavalry
C Troop, 117-CRS: 18 Jul 1944 – 17 Aug 1944
117-CRS : 22-29 Sep 1944
106-CG : 25-27 Mar 1945
101-CRS : 28 Apr 1945
106-CG : 3-4 May 1945

Chemical
3d Cml Mort Bn : 11 Jul 1944 – 2 Sep 1944
3d Cml Mort Bn (- Cos A&B) : 3 Sep 1944 – 6 Oct 1944
B Co, 3d Cml Mort Bn : 9 Sep 1944 – 14 Nov 1944
A Co, 3d Cml Mort Bn : 13 Sep 1944 – 5 Dec 1944
D Co, 3d Cml Mort Bn : 19 Oct 1944 – 14 Nov 1944
99th Cml Mort Bn : 21 Dec 1944 – 30 Jan 1945
168th Cml SG Co : 31 Jan 1945 – 12 Feb 1945
A Co, 87th Cml Bn : 14-31 Mar 1945
168th Cml SG Co : 31 Mar 1945 – 21 Apr 1945
B Co, 2d Cml Mort Bn : 2-21 Apr 1945
99th Cml Mort Bn : 26-29 Apr 1945
168th Cml SG Co : 26 Apr 1945 – 6 May 1945
2d Cml Mort Bn : 30 Apr 1945 – 5 May 1945

Engineer
36th Engr Regt : 25 Jun 1944 – 15 Jun 1944
290th Engr Cbt Bn : 14-20 Jan 1945
2831st Engr Cbt Bn : 15-19 Apr 1945

Field Artillery
36th FAB (155-MM Gun) : 11 Jul 1944 – 19 Aug 1944
69-AFAB : 11 Jul 1944 – 8 Nov 1944
634-FAB (155-MM How) : 14 Jul 1944 – 19 Aug 1944
1 det, 2-FAOB : 23 Jul 1944 – 30 Aug 1944
36-FAB (155-MM Gun) : 30 Aug 1944 – 3 Sep 1944
634-FAB (155-MM How) : 30 Aug 1944 – 3 Sep 1944
Hq & Hq Btry, 6-FAG : 30 Aug 1944 – 3 Sep 1944
977-FAB (- Btry C) (155-MM Gun) : 8-10 Sep 1944
93-AFAB : 18-28 Nov 1944
Hq & Hq Btry, 17-FAG : 15-31 Dec 1944
977-FAB (155-MM Gun) : 21-31 Dec 1944
141-FAB (155-MM How) : 21 Dec 1944 – 9 Feb 1945
999-FAB (8″ How) : 31 Dec 1944 – 19 Jan 1945
6-AD Artillery : 14-18 Mar 1945
693-FAB (105-MM How) : 14 Mar 1945 – 20 Apr 1945
208-FAB (155-MM Gun) : 14 Mar 1945 – 20 Apr 1945
208-FAG : 17-18 Mar 1945
250-FAB (105-MM How) : 19 Mar 1945 – 12 Apr 1945
44-ID Artillery : 24-27 Mar 1945
969-FAB (155-MM How) : 26-29 Apr 1945
693-FAB (105-MM How) : 29 Apr 1945 – 7 May 1945
283-FAB (105-MM How) : 2-6 May 1945

Infantry
141-IR (36-ID) : 7-8 Sep 1944
E Co, 398-IR (100-ID) : 17-18 Nov 1944
254-IR (63-ID) : 28 Dec 1944 – 9 Feb 1945
1st Bn, French Prcht Regt : 10-20 Jan 1945

Tank Destroyer
601-TDB (SP) : 13 Jul 1944 – 1 Jul 1945

Navy
1st Naval Beach Bn : 15 Jul 1944 – 15 Aug 1944
1 det Boat Gds : 15 Jul 1944 – 15 Aug 1944
5 Naval Shore Fire Control Parties : 18 Jul 1944 – 20 Aug 1944

3-ID Attachments to
Field Artillery
41-FAB to 36-ID : 18-21 Dec 1944

Infantry
30-IR to 36-ID : 15-18 Dec 1944
30-IR (- Co L) to 36-ID : 18-21 Dec 1944
2/15-IR to 36-ID : 20-21 Dec 1944

3rd Infantry Division – Command Posts

15 August 1944 – La Croix (vic) – Var – France
16 August 1944 – Grimaud (vic) – Var – France
16 August 1944 – Cellobrieres (vic) – Var – France
18 August 1944 – Gonfaron (vic) – Var – France
19 August 1944 – Brignoles (vic) – Var – France
20 August 1944 – Trets (vic) – Bouches-du-Rhone – France
21 August 1944 – Aix (vic) – Bouches-du-Rhone – France
25 August 1944 – Cadenet (vic) – Vaucluse – France
26 August 1944 – Le Barroux (vic) – Vaucluse – France
27 August 1944 – Crillon (vic) – Vaucluse – France
28 August 1944 – La Begude (vic) – Drome – France
31 August 1944 – Voiron (vic) – Isere – France
1 September 1944 – Cremieu (vic) – Isere – France
2 September 1944 – Lagnieu (vic) – Ain – France
3 September 1944 – Poncin (vic) – Ain – France
4 September 1944 – Le Fied (vic) – Jura – France
5 September 1944 – Pagnoz (vic) – Jura – France
6 September 1944 – Tarcenay (vic) – Doubs – France
9 September 1944 – Besancon – Doubs – France
10 September 1944 – Devecey – Doubs – France
11 September 1944 – Rioz (vic north) – Haute-Saone – France
12 September 1944 – Rioz (vic north) – Haute-Saone – France
13 September 1944 – Dampierre (vic) – Haute-Saone – France
14 September 1944 – Les Belles Baraques – Haute-Saone – France
15 September 1944 – Les Belles Baraques – Haute-Saone – France
16 September 1944 – Mollans – Haute-Saone – France
20 September 1944 – Breuchotte – Haute-Saone – France
25 September 1944 – Faucegney – Haute-Saone – France
27 September 1944 – Remiremont – Vosges – France
20 October 1944 – Grandvilliers – Vosges – France
26 October 1944 – Brouvelieures – Vosges – France
12 November 1944 – Autrey – Vosges – France
20 November 1944 – St Remy – Vosges – France
23 November 1944 – La Chapelle – Vosges – France
25 November 1944 – Saales – Bas-Rhin – France
26 November 1944 – Mullerhof Chateau – Bas-Rhin – France
27 November 1944 – Mullerhof – Bas-Rhin – France
28 November 1944 – Strasbourg (vic) – Bas-Rhin – France
21 December 1944 – Ribeauville – Haut-Rhin – France
7 January 1945 – La Poutroie – Haut-Rhin – France
11 January 1945 – Ste-Marie-aux-Mines – Haut-Rhin – France
23 January 1945 – Ribeauville – Haut-Rhin – France
1 February 1945 – Riedweiler – Haut-Rhin – France
20 February 1945 – Pont-a-Mousson – Meurthe-et-Moselle – France
14 March 1945 – Ettingen – Moselle – France
18 March 1945 – Brenschelbach – Pfalz – Germany
23 March 1945 – Kaiserslautern – Pfalz – Germany
24 March 1945 – Altleiningen – Pfalz – Germany
25 March 1945 – Bobenheim – Pfalz – Germany
27 March 1945 – Burstadt – Hessen – Germany
28 March 1945 – Heppenheim – Hessen – Germany
30 March 1945 – Pfaffen Beerfurth – Hessen – Germany
31 March 1945 – Seckmauern – Bavaria – Germany
1 April 1945 – Ruck – Bavaria – Germany
3 April 1945 – Weibersbrunn – Bavaria – Germany
4 April 1945 – Partenstein – Bavaria – Germany
6 April 1945 – Burgsinn – Bavaria – Germany
7 April 1945 – Schondra – Bavaria – Germany
8 April 1945 – Bad Kissingen – Bavaria – Germany
10 April 1945 – Massbach – Bavaria – Germany
12 April 1945 – Mechenried – Bavaria – Germany
13 April 1945 – Priesendorf – Bavaria – Germany
15 April 1945 – Reundorf – Bavaria – Germany
16 April 1945 – Hemhofen – Bavaria – Germany
17 April 1945 – Neunkirchen – Bavaria – Germany
18 April 1945 – Buchenbuhl – Bavaria – Germany
24 April 1945 – Kirkingen – Bavaria – Germany
26 April 1945 – Kicklingen – Bavaria – Germany
27 April 1945 – Wertingen – Bavaria – Germany
29 April 1945 – Oberhausen – Bavaria – Germany
30 April 1945 – Uberracker – Bavaria – Germany
1 May 1945 – Neuaubing – Bavaria – Germany
2 May 1945 – Unter Haching – Bavaria – Germany
4 May 1945 – Siegsdorf – Bavaria – Germany
6 May 1945 – Salzburg – Salzburg – Austria

Narrative
The 3-ID landed in North Africa northeast of Fedala, being a part of Operation Torch which was the British-American invasion of French North Africa during the North African Campaign which started on Nov 8, 1942.

The 3-ID entered Casablanca on Nov 11. Assigned the occupation of half of French Morocco, the 7-IR (3-ID) arrived behind the 1-ID for a possible commitment on the Tunisian front on May 6, 1943. However, the division was soon pulled out to train for the pending operation against Sicily, which it assaulted Jul 10.

With the assistance of the naval gunfire, the division took Agrigento on Jul 16-17 and reached Palermo ahead of armored columns on Jul 22. On Aug 1, the 3-ID relieved the 45-ID to drive east along the coastal highway. Despite mines and demolitions the 15-IR (3-ID), again assisted by naval gunfire, forced crossings over the Furano River on Aug 4. The 7-IR (3-ID) landed ahead of the general advance and a battalion of the 30-IR (3-ID) repeated a coastal landing east of Agata on Aug 7. This same battalion outflanked the retreating enemy by another successful landing at Capo d’Orlando Aug 10. The division ended the Sicilian campaign by racing its 7-IR into Messina, still under fire from the hostile Italian coast, Aug 16.
Nine days after the invasion of Italy the division landed at Salerno and started north into the mountains, driving through Battipaglia to take Acerno on Sept 22. It captured Avellino in a night assault on Sept 30, and crossed the Volturno River east of Capua Oct 13. It seized Cisterna on Oct 15 and then fought a furious ten-day battle for the Winter Line which commenced Nov 5. Its 15-IR on Mont Lungo was relieved Dec 31 by the 6-IR (3-ID). The division assaulted Anzio, Italy, Jan 22, 1944, and was heavily engaged for the next four weeks. After being prevented from achieving its objectives by the overwhelming German opposition in the area, the division was regrouped on Jan 27. On Jan 29, a German counterattack forced it back to the Mussolini Canal, but the division contained this threat.

It defeated the final German attack on the Anzio perimeter in the Ponte Rotto sector on Feb 3. It attacked out of the Anzio beachhead Mar 23 and was designated at the garrison of Rome on Jun 4, remaining in the latter city as 5-A Reserve.
The division landed in the Bay of Cavalaire and the Bay of Pampelonne, France, on Aug 15, 1944, and cleared Saint Tropez by Aug 17. The 15-IR and the 30-IR swept down National (Highway) 7 toward Toulon, and on Aug 24, the 3-ID reached the valley of the Rhône River at Arles. It cleared rearguard opposition from Montélimar, was relieved at the end of the month, and assembled at Voiron. On Sept 6, it returned to attack and take Fort Fontain, opening the way to the outer defenses of Besançon, which fell to the division the following day.
On Sept 11, the division invested Vesoul and reached the Moselle River, which it crossed over on a bridge round intact near Rupt at midnight on Sept 23. It then took over the St Amé area from the 36-ID. Renewing the offensive on Oct 4, the 7-IR assaulted Vageny which fell 3 days later as the 15-IR reduced a quarry strong point near Cleurie after a week-long battle. Advancing against formidable resistance toward Saint Dié, the 15-IR seized Etival as German opposition crumbled on the Meurthe River.
The 7-IR and the 30-IR crossed it in the Clairefontaine St Michel area before dawn on Nov 20 and spearheaded the drive on Strasbourg. The division emerged from the Vosges onto the Alsatian Plain and entered Strasbourg Nov 27 to relieve the French 2-AD. On Dec 5, the division began its attack toward the Maginot Line and cleared Bennwihr Dec 24 after which it was relieved by the 28-ID. The 3-ID renewed its offensive against the Colmar Pocket again on Jan 26, 1945, and crossed the Colmar Canal supported by the French 5th Armored Division on Jan 29.

At the end of the month, it took Horbourg and the 7-IR was on the outskirts of Colmar. It assaulted the West Wall Line Mar 18, taking numerous pillboxes and bunkers, and the division seized the bridge at Zweibruecken intact on Mar 20. After saturation bombing of the hostile shore, the division. crossed the Rhine River on Mar 26 and advanced rapidly to the Main River which it crossed at Woerth on Mar 30. In April the division moved into the Hohe Rhon Hills and opened its rapid advance on Nuremberg on Apr 11. The division entered the city on Apr 17 to take it block by block against determined resistance, finally clearing the heavily fortified city on Apr 21. The 3-ID began the drive toward Augsburg Apr 23 and relieved the 12-AD at the Dilligen Bridgehead. Augsburg was captured by the 7-IR and the 15-IR against light opposition Apr 28, and the next day the division initiated its push toward Munich. On May 4, 1945, the 7-IR crossed into Austria through Salzburg to Berchtesgaden, where the division was located when hostilities and the Second World War ceased on May 7, 1945.



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